Thomas More

Thomas More
Hans Holbein, the Younger - Sir Thomas More - Google Art Project.jpg
Lord Chancellor
In office
October 1529 – May 1532
MonarchHenry VIII
Preceded byThomas Wolsey
Succeeded byThomas Audley
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
31 December 1525 – 3 November 1529
MonarchHenry VIII
Preceded byRichard Wingfield
Succeeded byWilliam FitzWilliam
Speaker of the House of Commons
In office
16 April 1523 – 13 August 1523
MonarchHenry VIII
Preceded byThomas Nevill
Succeeded byThomas Audley
Personal details
Born(1478-02-07)7 February 1478
London, England
Died6 July 1535(1535-07-06) (aged 57)
London, England

Philosophy career
Notable work
Utopia (1516)
EraRenaissance philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
Main interests
Social philosophy
Notable ideas
Saint Thomas More
Venerated inCatholic Church; Church of England; some other churches of the Anglican Communion
Beatified29 December 1886, Florence, Kingdom of Italy, by Pope Leo XIII
Canonized19 May 1935, Vatican City, by Pope Pius XI
Major shrineChurch of St Peter ad Vincula, London, England
Feast22 June (Catholic Church)
6 July (Church of England)
9 July (Catholic Extraordinary Form)
Attributesdressed in the robe of the Chancellor and wearing the Collar of Esses; axe
PatronageAdopted children; civil servants; court clerks; difficult marriages; large families; lawyers, politicians, and statesmen; stepparents; widowers; Ateneo de Manila Law School; Diocese of Arlington; Diocese of Pensacola-Tallahassee; Kerala Catholic Youth Movement; University of Malta; University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Arts and Letters

Sir Thomas More (7 February 1478 – 6 July 1535), venerated in the Catholic Church as Saint Thomas More,[1][2] was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman, and noted Renaissance humanist. He was also a councillor to Henry VIII, and Lord High Chancellor of England from October 1529 to 16 May 1532.[3] He wrote Utopia, published in 1516, about the political system of an imaginary, ideal island nation.

More opposed the Protestant Reformation, in particular the theology of Martin Luther, Henry VIII, John Calvin and William Tyndale. More also opposed the king's separation from the Catholic Church, refusing to acknowledge Henry as Supreme Head of the Church of England and the annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. After refusing to take the Oath of Supremacy, he was convicted of treason and executed. Of his execution, he was reported to have said: "I die the King's good servant, but God's first".

Pope Pius XI canonised More in 1935 as a martyr. Pope John Paul II in 2000 declared him the patron saint "of Statesmen and Politicians".[4] Since 1980, the Church of England has remembered More liturgically as a Reformation martyr.[5] The Soviet Union honoured him for the purportedly communist attitude toward property rights expressed in Utopia.[6][7][8]

Early life

Born on Milk Street in London, on 7 February 1478, Thomas More was the son of Sir John More,[9] a successful lawyer and later a judge, and his wife Agnes (née Graunger). He was the second of six children. More was educated at St Anthony's School, then considered one of London's best schools.[10][11] From 1490 to 1492, More served John Morton, the Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Chancellor of England, as a household page.[12]:xvi Morton enthusiastically supported the "New Learning" (scholarship which was later known as "humanism" or "London humanism"), and thought highly of the young More. Believing that More had great potential, Morton nominated him for a place at the University of Oxford (either in St. Mary Hall or Canterbury College, both now gone).[13]:38

More began his studies at Oxford in 1492, and received a classical education. Studying under Thomas Linacre and William Grocyn, he became proficient in both Latin and Greek. More left Oxford after only two years—at his father's insistence—to begin legal training in London at New Inn, one of the Inns of Chancery.[12]:xvii[14] In 1496, More became a student at Lincoln's Inn, one of the Inns of Court, where he remained until 1502, when he was called to the Bar.[12]:xvii

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Thomas More
Alemannisch: Thomas More
العربية: توماس مور
aragonés: Thomas More
asturianu: Tomás Moro
azərbaycanca: Tomas Mor
বাংলা: থমাস মুর
Bân-lâm-gú: Thomas More
беларуская: Томас Мор
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Томас Мор
български: Томас Мор
Boarisch: Thomas Morus
bosanski: Thomas More
brezhoneg: Thomas More
català: Thomas More
Чӑвашла: Томас Мор
čeština: Tomáš More
Cymraeg: Thomas More
Deutsch: Thomas Morus
Ελληνικά: Τόμας Μορ
español: Tomás Moro
Esperanto: Thomas More
euskara: Tomas Moro
فارسی: تامس مور
français: Thomas More
Gaeilge: Thomas More
galego: Thomas More
한국어: 토머스 모어
հայերեն: Թոմաս Մոր
hrvatski: Toma Morus
Bahasa Indonesia: Thomas More
íslenska: Thomas More
italiano: Tommaso Moro
עברית: תומאס מור
ქართული: ტომას მორი
қазақша: Мор Томас
Kiswahili: Thomas More
Кыргызча: Томас Мор
Latina: Thomas Morus
latviešu: Tomass Mors
Lëtzebuergesch: Thomas Morus
lietuvių: Tomas Moras
magyar: Morus Tamás
македонски: Томас Мор
Malagasy: Thomas More
മലയാളം: തോമസ് മൂർ
Malti: Tumas More
Bahasa Melayu: Thomas More
မြန်မာဘာသာ: သောမတ် မိုး
Nederlands: Thomas More
norsk nynorsk: Thomas More
occitan: Thomas More
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਥਾਮਸ ਮੋਰ
Piemontèis: Tomà Mòro
polski: Tomasz More
português: Thomas More
română: Thomas Morus
Runa Simi: Thomas More
русский: Мор, Томас
shqip: Tomas More
sicilianu: Tummasu Moru
Simple English: Thomas More
سنڌي: ٿامس مور
slovenčina: Thomas More
slovenščina: Thomas More
српски / srpski: Tomas Mor
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Thomas More
svenska: Thomas More
татарча/tatarça: Томас Мор
Türkçe: Thomas More
українська: Томас Мор
Tiếng Việt: Thomas More
Winaray: Thomas More