The Simpsons

The Simpsons
The Simpsons Logo.svg
Simpsons FamilyPicture.png
The Simpson family. From left to right: Bart, Marge, Santa's Little Helper (dog), Maggie, Homer, Lisa, and Snowball II (cat).
Genre Animated sitcom
Created by Matt Groening
Based on "The Simpsons" shorts
by Matt Groening
Developed by
Voices of
Theme music composer Danny Elfman
Opening theme " The Simpsons Theme"
Composer(s) Richard Gibbs (1989–90)
Arthur B. Rubinstein (1990)
Ray Colcord (1990: " Dead Putting Society)"
Alf Clausen (1990–2017)
Bleeding Fingers Music (2017–present)
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
No. of seasons 29
No. of episodes 630 ( list of episodes)
Executive producer(s)
Running time 21–24 minutes
Production company(s) Gracie Films (1989–present)
20th Century Fox Television
Klasky Csupo (1989–1992)
Film Roman (1992–2016)
Fox Television Animation (2016–present)
The Curiosity Company (2015–present, uncredited)
Distributor 20th Television
Original network Fox
Picture format 480i/ 576i ( 4:3 SDTV) (1989–2009)
720p ( 16:9 HDTV) (2009–present)
Audio format Stereo (1989–1991)
Dolby Surround 2.0 (1991–2009)
Dolby Digital 5.1 (DVD, broadcast 2009–present)
Original release December 17, 1989 (1989-12-17) – present
Preceded by The Simpsons shorts from The Tracey Ullman Show
External links
Official website

The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company. [1] [2] [3] The series is a satirical depiction of working-class life, epitomized by the Simpson family, which consists of Homer, Marge, Bart, Lisa, and Maggie. The show is set in the fictional town of Springfield and parodies American culture and society, television, and the human condition.

The family was conceived by Groening shortly before a solicitation for a series of animated shorts with producer James L. Brooks. Groening created a dysfunctional family and named the characters after members of his own family, substituting Bart for his own name. The shorts became a part of The Tracey Ullman Show on April 19, 1987. After a three-season run, the sketch was developed into a half-hour prime time show and became an early hit for Fox, becoming the network's first series to land in the Top 30 ratings in a season (1989–90).

Since its debut on December 17, 1989, 630 episodes of The Simpsons have been broadcast. Its 29th season began on October 1, 2017. It is the longest-running American sitcom and the longest-running American animated program, and, in 2009, it surpassed Gunsmoke as the longest-running American scripted primetime television series. The Simpsons Movie, a feature-length film, was released in theaters worldwide on July 27, 2007, and grossed over $527 million. On November 4, 2016, the series was renewed for a twenty-ninth and thirtieth season of 22 episodes each, extending the show to 2019. [4]

The Simpsons received widespread critical acclaim throughout its first nine [5] [6] or ten [7] [8] seasons, which are generally considered its "Golden Age". Time named it the 20th century's best television series, [9] and Erik Adams of The A.V. Club named it "television's crowning achievement regardless of format". [10] On January 14, 2000, the Simpson family was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. It has won dozens of awards since it debuted as a series, including 31 Primetime Emmy Awards, 30 Annie Awards, and a Peabody Award. Homer's exclamatory catchphrase " D'oh!" has been adopted into the English language, while The Simpsons has influenced many other later adult-oriented animated sitcoms. Despite this, the show has also been criticized for what many perceive as a decline in quality over the years, generally since about the late 1990s.



The Simpsons are a family who live in a fictional " Middle America" town of Springfield. [11] Homer, the father, works as a safety inspector at the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant, a position at odds with his careless, buffoonish personality. He is married to Marge, a stereotypical American housewife and mother. They have three children: Bart, a ten-year-old troublemaker; Lisa, a precocious eight-year-old activist; and Maggie, the baby of the family who rarely speaks, but communicates by sucking on a pacifier. Although the family is dysfunctional, many episodes examine their relationships and bonds with each other and they are often shown to care about one another. [12] The family owns a dog, Santa's Little Helper, and a cat, Snowball V, renamed Snowball II in " I, (Annoyed Grunt)-Bot". [13] Both pets have had starring roles in several episodes.

The Simpsons sports a vast array of secondary and tertiary characters.

The show includes an array of quirky supporting characters: co-workers, teachers, family friends, extended relatives, townspeople and local celebrities. The creators originally intended many of these characters as one-time jokes or for fulfilling needed functions in the town. A number of them have gained expanded roles and subsequently starred in their own episodes. According to Matt Groening, the show adopted the concept of a large supporting cast from the comedy show SCTV. [14]

Despite the depiction of yearly milestones such as holidays or birthdays passing, the characters do not age between episodes (either physically or in stated age), and generally appear just as they did when the series began. The series uses a floating timeline in which episodes generally take place in the year the episode is produced even though the characters do not age. Flashbacks/forwards do occasionally depict the characters at other points in their lives, with the timeline of these depictions also generally floating relative to the year the episode is produced. [15] In a nod to the non-aging aspect of the show, when asked during the episode " The Simpsons Guy" how long Nelson Muntz has been bullying him, Bart replies "24 years."


The Simpsons takes place in the fictional American town of Springfield in an unknown and impossible-to-determine U.S. state. The show is intentionally evasive in regard to Springfield's location. [16] Springfield's geography, and that of its surroundings, contains coastlines, deserts, vast farmland, tall mountains, or whatever the story or joke requires. [17] Groening has said that Springfield has much in common with Portland, Oregon, the city where he grew up. [18] The name "Springfield" is a common one in America and appears in 22 states. [19] Groening has said that he named it after Springfield, Oregon, and the fictitious Springfield which was the setting of the series Father Knows Best. He "figured out that Springfield was one of the most common names for a city in the U.S. In anticipation of the success of the show, I thought, 'This will be cool; everyone will think it's their Springfield.' And they do." [20] An astronomer and fan of the show, Phil Plait, humorously noticed that The Simpsons could be set in Australia, because the moon in Springfield faces the wrong way to be an American location. [21]

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Симпсонхэр
Afrikaans: The Simpsons
Alemannisch: Die Simpsons
Ænglisc: The Simpsons
العربية: ذا سيمبسونز
aragonés: Os Simpson
asturianu: The Simpsons
Avañe'ẽ: The Simpsons
azərbaycanca: Simpsonlar
تۆرکجه: سیمپسونلار
Bân-lâm-gú: The Simpsons
беларуская: Сімпсаны
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сымпсаны
भोजपुरी: द सिम्पसन्स
Boarisch: Die Simpsons
བོད་ཡིག: སིམ་བུ་སན།
bosanski: Simpsoni
brezhoneg: The Simpsons
català: Els Simpson
Cebuano: The Simpsons
čeština: Simpsonovi
Cymraeg: The Simpsons
Deutsch: Die Simpsons
eesti: Simpsonid
Ελληνικά: The Simpsons
emiliàn e rumagnòl: The Simpsons
español: Los Simpson
Esperanto: La Simpsonoj
estremeñu: Los Simpson
euskara: The Simpsons
français: Les Simpson
Gaeilge: The Simpsons
galego: The Simpsons
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: The Simpsons
한국어: 심슨 가족
Հայերեն: Սիմփսոնները
hrvatski: Simpsoni
Bahasa Indonesia: The Simpsons
interlingua: The Simpsons
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐊᓯᒪᐲᓲᓃᑦ
italiano: I Simpson
Basa Jawa: The Simpsons
Kapampangan: The Simpsons
ქართული: სიმფსონები
қазақша: Симпсондар
Kiswahili: The Simpsons
Kreyòl ayisyen: Les Simpson
Кыргызча: Симпсондор
Latina: The Simpsons
latviešu: Simpsoni
Lëtzebuergesch: The Simpsons
lietuvių: Simpsonai
Ligure: The Simpsons
lumbaart: The Simpsons
македонски: Симпсонови
Malagasy: The Simpsons
മലയാളം: ദ സിംസൺസ്
Bahasa Melayu: The Simpsons
Nāhuatl: The Simpsons
Na Vosa Vakaviti: The Simpsons
Nederlands: The Simpsons
Nedersaksies: The Simpsons
नेपाल भाषा: द सिम्प्सन्‌स्
нохчийн: Симпсонаш
norsk: Simpsons
norsk nynorsk: Simpsons
occitan: The Simpsons
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: The Simpsons
پښتو: سمپسنز
polski: Simpsonowie
português: Os Simpsons
Ripoarisch: D Simpsons
română: Familia Simpson
Runa Simi: Nos Simpsons
русский: Симпсоны
саха тыла: The Simpsons
संस्कृतम्: द सिम्प्सन्स्
shqip: Simpsons
sicilianu: Li Simpson
Simple English: The Simpsons
slovenčina: Simpsonovci
slovenščina: Simpsonovi
Soomaaliga: The Simpsons
српски / srpski: Симпсонови
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: The Simpsons
Basa Sunda: The Simpsons
suomi: Simpsonit
svenska: Simpsons
Tagalog: The Simpsons
Taqbaylit: Simpson
татарча/tatarça: Симпсоннар
Türkçe: Simpsonlar
українська: Сімпсони
vèneto: The Simpsons
Tiếng Việt: The Simpsons
文言: 辛普森家
West-Vlams: The Simpsons
Winaray: The Simpsons
ייִדיש: די סימפסאנס
粵語: 阿森一族