Original run (1977–1981)
The Pop Group was formed in 1977 in Bristol, when teenager Mark Stewart set out to start a funk group with schoolmates John Waddington and Simon Underwood. Inspired by the energy of punk rock but feeling the style to be too conservative, the group drew influence from the avant-garde, black music styles such as free jazz and dub, and radical political traditions. Guitarist Gareth Sager and drummer Bruce Smith were eventually added to the group. Soon after forming, they began to gain notoriety for their live performances and were subsequently signed to Radar Records. They appeared on the cover of the NME. They issued their debut single, "She Is Beyond Good and Evil," in March 1979 and their debut album, Y, in April of that year, both to acclaim but relatively low sales figures. Regardless, their moderate success was sufficient to convince Rough Trade to sign the band. During this period, Dan Catsis replaced Underwood on bass.
The band's career with Rough Trade commenced with the release of the single "We Are All Prostitutes." This was followed by the release of their second album, For How Much Longer Do We Tolerate Mass Murder? (1980). Shortly afterwards the Pop Group released a split single, "Where There's a Will...", with the Slits, a band with whom they now shared a drummer (Bruce Smith) and managers (Christine Robertson and Dick O'Dell). The band's last live performance was in 1980 to a crowd of 500,000 people at Trafalgar Square as part of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament protest. They split in 1981, after legal wranglings and internal disagreements. Members of the group went on to collaborate and join bands including Pigbag, Maximum Joy, Head, the Slits and Rip Rig + Panic, the latter notable for the involvement of Neneh Cherry. Stewart collaborated with the On-U Sound posse, issuing records backed by the Maffia, then as a solo artist.
It was reported on 24 May 2010 that the Pop Group would be reuniting and touring, with three of the original five members returning. The Pop Group's 1980 LP We Are Time saw its first reissue worldwide on 20 October 2014. The band also released a compilation of rarities titled Cabinet of Curiosities. In support of the reissues the band undertook a 7-day UK tour. On 23 February 2015, the Pop Group released Citizen Zombie, their first studio album in 35 years. They subsequently undertook a worldwide tour, performing dates in the US, Japan, and Australia. An extensive European tour culminated in festival appearances including two live sets at Glastonbury.
February 2016 saw the reissue of their 1980 album For How Much Longer Do We Tolerate Mass Murder?, released on CD and digitally for the first time. This was accompanied by the release of a colour vinyl edition of "We Are All Prostitutes," referred to by The Vinyl Factory. A previously unseen video for "We Are All Prostitutes", shot at the Electric Ballroom in November 1979 but thought to be lost, was recovered from the attic of video artist Chris Reynolds and unveiled. In May, the band released a collection of live recordings, entitled The Boys Whose Head Exploded. In July 2016, the band announced they were teaming once again with producer Dennis Bovell to record a new album. On August 31, the band revealed the title would be Honeymoon On Mars, and that it would be released on October 28 via the Freaks R Us label. They also revealed the track listing and album artwork. On September 6, the first single from the album, "Zipperface" was released to streaming services, YouTube, and iTunes.