Teutonic Order

Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem
Insignia Germany Order Teutonic.svg
Coat of arms in the 14th-century style
Activec. 1190 – present
AllegianceHoly Roman Emperor (1190-1806)
Papacy (1190-present)
TypeCatholic religious order
(1192–1929 as military order)
Nickname(s)Teutonic Knights, German Order
AttireWhite mantle with a black cross
First Grand MasterHeinrich Walpot von Bassenheim
Current Grand MasterFrank Bayard[1]

The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem[2] (official names: Latin: Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum, German: Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus der Heiligen Maria in Jerusalem), commonly the Teutonic Order (Deutscher Orden, Deutschherrenorden or Deutschritterorden), is a Catholic religious order founded as a military order c. 1190 in Acre, Kingdom of Jerusalem.

The Teutonic Order was formed to aid Christians on their pilgrimages to the Holy Land and to establish hospitals. Its members have commonly been known as the Teutonic Knights, having a small voluntary and mercenary military membership, serving as a crusading military order for protection of Christians in the Holy Land and the Baltics during the Middle Ages.

Purely religious since 1929, the Teutonic Order still confers limited honorary knighthoods.[3] The Bailiwick of Utrecht of the Teutonic Order, a Protestant chivalric order, is descended from the same medieval military order and also continues to award knighthoods and perform charitable work.[4]


The full name of the Order in German is Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus St. Mariens in Jerusalem or in Latin Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum (engl. "Order of the House of St. Mary of the Germans in Jerusalem"). Thus, the term 'Teutonic' refers to the German origins of the order in Latin.[5] It is commonly known in German as the Deutscher Orden (official short name, engl. "German Order"), historically also as Deutscher Ritterorden ("German Order of Knights"), Deutschherrenorden, Deutschritterorden ("Order of the German Knights") or "Die Herren im weißen Mantel" ("The lords in white capes").

The Teutonic Knights have been known as Zakon Krzyżacki in Polish ("Order of the Cross") and as Kryžiuočių Ordinas in Lithuanian, Vācu Ordenis in Latvian, Saksa Ordu or, simply, Ordu ("The Order") in Estonian, as well as various names in other languages. Knighthood was associated to feudalism and service. The knight was always required to help the sick and wounded after a battle and was regarded to be brave, honest and determined.[6]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Duitse Orde
العربية: فرسان تيوتون
aragonés: Orden Teutonica
asturianu: Orde Teutónica
azərbaycanca: Tevton ordeni
беларуская: Тэўтонскі ордэн
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тэўтонскі ордэн
български: Тевтонски орден
brezhoneg: Urzh Teutonek
eesti: Saksa ordu
français: Ordre Teutonique
한국어: 튜턴 기사단
Bahasa Indonesia: Ordo Teutonik
latviešu: Vācu ordenis
Limburgs: Duutsje Orde
lumbaart: Urden Tütonegh
македонски: Тевтонски ред
مصرى: تيوتون
Bahasa Melayu: Kesateria Teuton
Nederlands: Duitse Orde
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tevton ordeni
português: Ordem Teutónica
Simple English: Teutonic Knights
slovenščina: Tevtonski viteški red
српски / srpski: Тевтонски ред
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Teutonski viteški red
svenska: Tyska orden
Türkmençe: Tewton ordeni
українська: Тевтонський орден
Tiếng Việt: Hiệp sĩ Teuton
žemaitėška: Krīžėninkā