The Tetragrammaton in Phoenician (12th century BCE to 150 BCE), Paleo-Hebrew (10th century BCE to 135 CE), and square Hebrew (3rd century BCE to present) scripts

The Tetragrammaton (n/; from Greek Τετραγράμματον, meaning "[consisting of] four letters"), יהוה in Hebrew, is the four-letter biblical name of the God of Israel.[1][2] While there is no consensus about the structure and etymology of the name, "the form yahweh is now accepted almost universally".[3]

The books of the Torah and the rest of the Hebrew Bible (with the exception of Esther and Song of Songs) contain this Hebrew name. Observant Jews and those who follow Talmudic Jewish traditions do not pronounce יהוה, nor do they read aloud proposed transcription forms such as Yahweh or Yehovah; instead the word is substituted with a different term, whether used to address or to refer to the God of Israel. Common substitutions in Hebrew are Adonai ("My Lord"), HaShem ("The Name") and hakadosh baruch hu ("The Holy One, Blessed Be He").

Four letters

The letters, properly read from right to left (in Biblical Hebrew), are:

Hebrew Letter name Pronunciation
י Yod [j]
ה He [h]
ו Waw [w], or placeholder for "O"/"U" vowel (see mater lectionis)
ה He [h] (or often a silent letter at the end of a word)

Modern scholars generally agree that YHWH is derived from the Hebrew triconsonantal root היה (h-y-h), “to be, become, come to pass”,[4] an archaic form of which is הוה (h-w-h),[5] with a third person masculine y- prefix, equivalent to English “he”. They connect it to Exodus 3:14, where the divinity who spoke with Moses responds to a question about his name by declaring: אֶהְיֶה אֲשֶׁר אֶהְיֶה (Ehyeh asher ehyeh), "I am that I am" or "I will be what I will be"[6] (in Biblical Hebrew the form of the verb here is not associated with any particular English tense).[7][8]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: JHWH
Alemannisch: JHWH
العربية: يهوه
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܝܗ
беларуская: Тэтраграматон
Boarisch: JHWH
čeština: JHVH
Deutsch: JHWH
eesti: YHWH
Ελληνικά: Τετραγράμματο
français: YHWH
한국어: 신명사문자
hrvatski: Tetragram
Bahasa Indonesia: Tetragrammaton
interlingua: Tetragrammaton
íslenska: JHVH
Kiswahili: YHWH
Lëtzebuergesch: JHWH
lietuvių: Tetragramatonas
magyar: JHVH
македонски: Тетраграматон
Bahasa Melayu: Tetragramaton
Nederlands: JHWH
Nedersaksies: JHWH
norsk nynorsk: JHVH
Picard: YHWH
Plattdüütsch: JHWH
polski: Tetragram
português: YHWH
română: YHWH
shqip: JHVH
Simple English: YHWH
slovenčina: JHVH
slovenščina: Tetragramaton
српски / srpski: Тетраграматон
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tetragram
Türkçe: Tetragrammaton
українська: Тетраграматон
اردو: یہوہ
中文: 四字神名