Test Act

Test Act 1673
Long titleAn act for preventing dangers which may happen from popish recusants
Citation25 Car. II. c. 2
Territorial extent Kingdom of England (Today's borders  England and  Wales)
Dates
Royal assent1673
Commencement1673
Other legislation
Amended byTest Act 1678
Status: Repealed

The Test Acts were a series of English penal laws that served as a religious test for public office and imposed various civil disabilities on Roman Catholics and nonconformists. The principle was that none but people taking communion in the established Church of England were eligible for public employment, and the severe penalties pronounced against recusants, whether Catholic or nonconformist, were affirmations of this principle. In practice nonconformists were often exempted from some of these laws through the regular passage of Acts of Indemnity. After 1800 they were seldom enforced, except at Oxbridge, where nonconformists and Catholics could not matriculate (Oxford) or graduate (Cambridge). The Conservative government repealed them in 1828 with little controversy.

Corporation Act 1661

The Corporation Act of James I provided that all such as were naturalized or restored in blood should receive the sacrament of the Lord's Supper. It was not, however, until the reign of Charles II that actually receiving communion in the Church of England was made a precondition for holding public office. The earliest imposition of this test was by the Corporation Act of 1661 requiring that, besides taking the Oath of Supremacy, all members of corporations were, within one year after election, to receive the sacrament of the Lord's Supper according to the rites of the Church of England.

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한국어: 심사율
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日本語: 審査法
português: Ato de Prova
русский: Акт о присяге
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svenska: Testakten
українська: Акт про присягу