Terrorism

United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South Tower of the World Trade Center during the September 11 attacks of 2001 in New York City.

Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentional violence, generally against civilians, for political purposes.[1] It is used in this regard primarily to refer to violence during peacetime or in context of war against non-combatants (mostly civilians and neutral military personnel).[2] The terms "terrorist" and "terrorism" originated during the French Revolution of the late 18th century[3] but gained mainstream popularity in the 1970s in news reports and books covering the conflicts in Northern Ireland, the Basque Country and Palestine. The increased use of suicide attacks from the 1980s onwards was typified by the September 11 attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C. in 2001.

There are different definitions of terrorism.[4][5] Terrorism is a charged term. It is often used with the connotation of something that is "morally wrong". Governments and non-state groups use the term to abuse or denounce opposing groups.[6][7][8][9][5] Varied political organizations have been accused of using terrorism to achieve their objectives. These organizations include right-wing and left-wing political organizations, nationalist groups, religious groups, revolutionaries and ruling governments.[10] Legislation declaring terrorism a crime has been adopted in many states.[11] When terrorism is perpetrated by nation-states it is not considered terrorism by the state conducting it, making legality a largely grey-area issue.[12] There is no consensus as to whether or not terrorism should be regarded as a war crime.[11][13]

The Global Terrorism Database, maintained by the University of Maryland, College Park, has recorded more than 61,000 incidents of non-state terrorism, resulting in at least 140,000 deaths between 2000 and 2014.[14]

Etymology

Etmologically, the word terror is derived from the Latin verb Tersere, which later becomes Terrere. The latter form appears in European languages as early as the 12th century; its first known use in French is the word terrible in 1160. By 1356 the word terreur is in use. Terreur is the origin of the Middle English term terrour, which later becomes the modern word "terror".[15]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Terrorisme
Alemannisch: Terrorismus
العربية: إرهاب
aragonés: Terrorismo
asturianu: Terrorismu
azərbaycanca: Terrorizm
تۆرکجه: تروریزم
Bân-lâm-gú: Khióng-pò͘-chú-gī
башҡортса: Терроризм
беларуская: Тэрарызм
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тэрарызм
български: Тероризъм
bosanski: Terorizam
brezhoneg: Sponterezh
буряад: Терроризм
català: Terrorisme
Cebuano: Terorismo
čeština: Terorismus
Cymraeg: Terfysgaeth
dansk: Terrorisme
Deutsch: Terrorismus
eesti: Terrorism
Ελληνικά: Τρομοκρατία
español: Terrorismo
Esperanto: Terorismo
euskara: Terrorismo
فارسی: تروریسم
Fiji Hindi: Atankwaad
føroyskt: Yvirgangur
français: Terrorisme
galego: Terrorismo
ગુજરાતી: આતંકવાદ
한국어: 테러리즘
Hausa: Ta'addanci
Արեւմտահայերէն: Ահաբեկչութիւն
हिन्दी: आतंकवाद
hrvatski: Terorizam
Ilokano: Terorismo
Bahasa Indonesia: Terorisme
interlingua: Terrorismo
íslenska: Hryðjuverk
italiano: Terrorismo
עברית: טרור
Jawa: Terorisme
къарачай-малкъар: Терроризм
ქართული: ტერორიზმი
қазақша: Терроризм
Kinyarwanda: Iterabwoba
Kiswahili: Ugaidi
kurdî: Terorîzm
Кыргызча: Терроризм
Ladino: Terrorizmo
Latina: Tromocratia
latviešu: Terorisms
lietuvių: Terorizmas
Limburgs: Terrorisme
la .lojban.: tadjycolnunte'a
lumbaart: Terrorism
magyar: Terrorizmus
македонски: Тероризам
മലയാളം: ഭീകരവാദം
मराठी: दहशतवाद
მარგალური: ტერორიზმი
مازِرونی: تروریسم
Bahasa Melayu: Terorisme
Nederlands: Terrorisme
Nedersaksies: Terrorisme
नेपाल भाषा: आतङ्कवाद
日本語: テロリズム
norsk: Terrorisme
norsk nynorsk: Terrorisme
occitan: Terrorisme
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Terrorizm
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਦਹਿਸ਼ਤਵਾਦ
پنجابی: دہشت گردی
Piemontèis: Terorism
Plattdüütsch: Terrorismus
polski: Terroryzm
português: Terrorismo
română: Terorism
русиньскый: Терорізм
русский: Терроризм
саха тыла: Терроризм
Scots: Terrorism
shqip: Terrorizmi
sicilianu: Tirrurìsimu
Simple English: Terrorism
slovenčina: Terorizmus
slovenščina: Terorizem
کوردی: تیرۆریزم
српски / srpski: Тероризам
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Terorizam
suomi: Terrorismi
svenska: Terrorism
Tagalog: Terorismo
татарча/tatarça: Террорчылык
తెలుగు: ఉగ్రవాదం
тоҷикӣ: Терроризм
Türkçe: Terörizm
українська: Тероризм
Tiếng Việt: Khủng bố
walon: Terorisse
Winaray: Terorismo
吴语: 恐怖主义
ייִדיש: טעראריזם
粵語: 恐怖主義
Zazaki: Terorizm
žemaitėška: Teruorėzmos
中文: 恐怖主义