Terminalia ferdinandiana

Terminalia ferdinandiana
Scientific classification edit
T. ferdinandiana
Binomial name
Terminalia ferdinandiana

Terminalia ferdinandiana, also called the gubinge, billygoat plum, Kakadu plum, green plum, salty plum, murunga or mador, is a flowering plant in the family Combretaceae, native to Australia, widespread throughout the tropical woodlands from northwestern Australia to eastern Arnhem Land. It has a high concentration of vitamin C in its fruit: recorded concentrations of 2300–3150 mg/100 g wet weight[1] and occasionally as high as 5300 mg/100 g,[2] compared with 50 mg/100 g for oranges, ranks among the highest known of any natural source.

It should not be confused with Planchonia careya, with which it shares some common names.


Terminalia ferdinandiana is a slender, small to medium-sized tree growing up to 14 m (46 ft) in height,[3][4][5] with creamy-grey, flaky bark and deciduous pale green leaves. The flowers are small, creamy-white, perfumed, and borne along spikes in the leaf axils towards the ends of the branches. Flowering is from September to December. (Southern hemisphere spring/summer.) The leaf blades are strongly discolorous with a broadly elliptic to broadly ovate, occasionally obovate shape and are 11 to 33 centimetres (4.3 to 13.0 in) in length with a width of 8.5 to 23 centimetres (3.3 to 9.1 in) and have a rounded apex. The inflorescences are 16 to 19 centimetres (6.3 to 7.5 in) long and are glabrous throughout.[6]

The fruit is yellow-green, about 2 cm (0.79 in) long and 1 cm (0.39 in) in diameter, almond-sized with a short beak at the tip, and contain one large seed. They ripen from March onwards.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Kakadu gavalısı
Deutsch: Buschpflaume
português: Kakadu plum
српски / srpski: Terminalia ferdinandiana
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Terminalia ferdinandiana
中文: 費氏欖仁