Teresina

Teresina, Piauí, Brazil
Municipality
The Municipality of Teresina
Teresina skyline
Teresina skyline
Flag of Teresina, Piauí, Brazil
Flag
Official seal of Teresina, Piauí, Brazil
Seal
Nickname(s): Capital do Sol e da Luz (Capital of Sun and Light), Cidade Verde (Green City) and THE.
Motto(s): Omnia in Charitate
Location of Teresina in the State of Piauí
Location of Teresina in the State of Piauí
Teresina, Piauí, Brazil is located in Brazil
Teresina, Piauí, Brazil
Teresina, Piauí, Brazil
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 05°05′21″S 42°48′06″W / 05°05′21″S 42°48′06″W / -5.08917; -42.80167
Country Brazil
RegionNortheast
StateBandeira do Piauí.svg Piauí
FoundedAugust 16, 1852
Government
 • MayorFirmino Filho (PSDB)
Area
 • Municipality1,167.25 km2 (450.68 sq mi)
 • Urban1,755 km2 (677 sq mi)
Elevation87 m (285 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 • Municipality814,439
 • Density585.1/km2 (1,515/sq mi)
 • Urban953,172
 • Metro1,135,920
Time zone-3
Postal Code64000-000
Area code(s)(+55) 86
Demonymteresinense
WebsiteTeresina, Piauí

Teresina is the capital and most populous municipality in the Brazilian state of Piauí. Being located in north-central Piauí 366 km from the coast, it is the only capital in the Brazilian Northeast that is not located on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean. With 814,439 inhabitants, Teresina is the 19th largest city in Brazil, and the 15th largest state capital in the country. Together with Timon in the nearby state of Maranhão, it forms a conurbation with a population of about 953,172 inhabitants; the entire metropolitan region of Teresina has over 1,135,920 inhabitants. The only natural barrier that separates Teresina from Timon is the Parnaíba river, one of the largest in the Northeast.

Teresina is the capital with the second best quality of life in the North-Northeast according to FIRJAN. According to IPEA, Teresina is the third safest capital of Brazil (only after Natal and Palmas). It is also among the 50 cities in the world with the highest murder rates[1], with 315 homicides in 2017[2].

Its motto is the Latin phrase Omnia in Charitatis, which means, in English, "All for charity". The city is the birthplace of, among others, Torquato Neto, who belonged to the Tropicalismo movement.

Its Cathedral Catedral Metropolitana Nossa Senhora das Dores, dedicated to Our Lady of Sorrows, is the archiepiscopal see of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Teresina.

History and names

Teresina was founded on August 16, 1852 under the name of Vila Nova do Poty (because its origin is linked to the Poti river) as the capital of the state of Piauí. It was the first planned city in the Brazil and the only northeast capital located out of the coast. Until 1852, Oeiras was the capital of the Piauí Capitany, however due to difficulties in Communication and Trade, the capital was transferred to an area next to the Parnaíba River, to the other cities and to the sea coast. Colonization of the area where Teresina is now located dates back to the 18th century. The chosen place was a small community of fishermen, in 1760, nearby Poty and Panaíba rivers, which grew into a village called “Vila do Poty”, but, due to the inundation of the Parnaíba River riverbanks, the city had to be built in a higher position.

In the 19th century, it was initially called Vila Nova do Poty, but later the city was renamed Teresina, in honor of the Empress Teresa Cristina, the wife of the Emperor of Brazil, Pedro II.

Teresina is the hottest city in the country and the third city with the major incidence of lightning in the world. Nowadays, Teresina’s economy is based on international manufacturing industries and trade.

Other Languages
العربية: تيريسينا
asturianu: Teresina
Avañe'ẽ: Teresina
Aymar aru: Teresina
Bân-lâm-gú: Teresina
беларуская: Тэрэзіна
български: Терезина
català: Teresina
čeština: Teresina
Deutsch: Teresina
Ελληνικά: Τερεζίνα
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Teresina
español: Teresina
Esperanto: Teresina
euskara: Teresina
فارسی: ترسینا
français: Teresina
Gaeilge: Teresina
galego: Teresina
한국어: 테레지나
Հայերեն: Թերեզինա
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: টেরেসিনা
Bahasa Indonesia: Teresina
interlingua: Teresina
עברית: תרזינה
ქართული: ტერეზინა
қазақша: Терезина
Kiswahili: Teresina
lietuvių: Terezina
magyar: Teresina
मराठी: तेरेसिना
日本語: テレジーナ
norsk: Teresina
occitan: Teresina
پنجابی: تیریسینا
polski: Teresina
português: Teresina
română: Teresina
Runa Simi: Teresina
русский: Терезина
Scots: Teresina
Simple English: Teresina
slovenčina: Teresina
српски / srpski: Терезина
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Teresina
suomi: Teresina
svenska: Teresina
тоҷикӣ: Терезина
Türkçe: Teresina
українська: Терезіна
Tiếng Việt: Teresina
Volapük: Teresina
Winaray: Teresina
中文: 特雷西納