Teresa Mañé Miravet

Teresa Mañé Miravet
Soledad gustavo.jpg
Personal details
Born (1865-11-29)29 November 1865
Cubellas, Spain
Died 5 February 1939
Perpignan, France
Spouse(s) Juan Montseny Carret
Children Federica Montseny

Teresa Mañé Miravet (November 29, 1865 in Cubellas, Catalonia, Spain - February 5, 1939) was a teacher, editor and writer under the pseudonym Soledad Gustavo. She was married to Juan Montseny Carret (aka Federico Urals), was they were the parents of the Spanish minister Federica Montseny.


She was born in Cubellas, Catalonia but grew up in nearby Villanueva i Geltrú within a family that was comfortably well-off. [1]

She was linked in her youth with the Centro Democratico Federalista. In 1887 she founded a secular school in Villanueva I Geltru and years later another school in Reus with their help. She was a member of the Confederation of Lay Teachers of Catalonia, studied teaching in the Sanfe Tramuntana school and promoted it's educational activities many years before Francisco Ferrer Guard with his Modern School. Teresa Mañé works for the same period in the local newspaper El Vendaval, federal republican tendency, beginning to also collaborate with the newspaper El Producer, where her touchdown with anarchism began. There she met Joan Montseny and other important writer about e Spanish anarchism such as Anselmo Lorenzo, Fernando Tarrida del Marmol and Llunas Jose Pujals, publisher of the newspaper La Tramontana.

In 1889 she participates in the "Second Socialist Competition" held in Barcelona, where she presented her text "Free love". In 1891 she married civilly with Juan Montseny Carret (aka Federico Urals) assisting his literary and educational work. After the anonymous attack on the procession of Corpus Christi of Barcelona in June 1896 and the repression that followed the Process of Montjuich by the facts, Joan Montseny and Teresa Mañé were banished. The couple fled to 1897 in London, but returned one year later, settling in Madrid, and participating in La Revista Blanca with her opinions on female emancipation. She also served as translator for Louise Michel, Gustavo de la Barre, and Antonio Labriola so they too could contribute. [2]

In 1905 she had a daughter Federica Montseny, and shortly after leaving Madrid and installed in Cerdanyola del Vallès in Barcelona, where continued to participate in the events of the following years: the Tragic Week in Barcelona and the execution of his friend Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia in 1909, the foundation of the CNT in 1910, the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-1930), the founding of the FAI in 1927, the Second Republic (1931-1939), the military coup and war (1936-1939).

Between 1925 and 1936 she returned to collaborate in La Revista Blanca with theoretical articles and history, during which befriends the anarchist historian Max Nettlau, who also works in the magazine.

She died on February 5, 1939 in Perpignan. [1]

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