Tepehuán people

Tepeguán, O'dam, Audam and Ódami
Tepehuan family.jpg
Tepehuán mother, father and child from Durango. Carl Lumholtz, 1893.
Total population
(approx 35,000-40,000)
Regions with significant populations
Mexico ( Durango, [1] Chihuahua, [2] Sinaloa, Jalisco, Zacatecas, Nayarit)
O'otham and Spanish
Tepehuán Mythology, Shamanism, Animistic, Peyotism, and Roman Catholic
Related ethnic groups
Acaxee, Mountain Pima, Tohono O'odham, Tarahumara, [2] Tepecanos, Chichimecas, Cora, Huichol, Mexicanero [1] Xiximes, and Totorames

The Tepehuán, Tepeguán, O'dam, Audam, or Ódami Indians (Tepehuanes or Tepehuanos, from Nahuatl meaning “Mountain Dwellers” or "Mountain People", "tepe" coming from tepetl meaning "mountains" and "huan" coming from nemohuayan meaning "dwelling" or from macehualtin meaning "people", in Nahuatl Tepehuán is spelled Tēpēhuanih, Tepēhuāntin, Tepehuatecah, and/or Tepēhuahcān) (or as they refer to themselves as O'dam, Audam, and Ódami meaning "We The People" or "People of This Land" in their native languages Northern Tepehuan, Southeastern Tepehuan, Southwestern Tepehuan) are Indigenous Mexicans of Northwestern, Western, and some parts of North-Central Mexico whose villages at the time of Spanish conquest spanned a large territory along the Sierra Madre Occidental. The heart of the Tepehuan Nation is in the Valley of Guadiana (Durango). The Tepehuanes live in Ranchería in present-day Mexico. The Tepehuan Indians have the largest territory in Aridoamerica. They originated in the state of Durango, but their territory grew to south of Chihuahua, east of Sinaloa, and north of Jalisco, Nayarit, and Zacatecas. Ódami (Northern Tepehuán), Audam (Southwestern Tepehuán), and O'dam (Southeastern Tepehuán), each with their own language, culture, and beliefs. The southern Tepehuán community included an isolated settlement ( Azqueltán) in the middle of Huichol territory in the Bolaños River canyon, were historically referred to as Tepecanos. The Tepehuánes have divided into three Nations:

  • Ódami (Northern Tepehuán) of Chihuahua.
  • Audam (Southwestern Tepehuán) of Durango, Nayarit, and Sinaloa.
  • O'dam (Southeastern Tepehuán) of Durango, Jalisco, Nayarit, and Zacatecas.


Traditional male and female Tepehuán dress from Durango.

Most men wear today, jeans, shirt and cowboy hat and sandals. Traditional clothing worn by some men and women most, very simple in the case of the first and very colorful in the latter. The male attire consists of a shirts, pants and blankets, blankets in Northern Tepehuán are called kutum and sawira, respectively. In most communities, these items are used with a simple decorated in a colorful thread used to sew the hems and folds, even in places like San Francisco de Ocotán, it is customary tack pants, various tissues headbands multicolor, from the hem to the knee. The traditional hat is soyate fabric with circular shape. It is known as bonam and there are some variations in different communities. Like traditional dress, very few people use nowadays leather and three holes, Susak huaraches, although in some communities use is mandatory in ceremonies as mitote. The women's dress consists of three main parts: a skirt or springcity, a blouse with long sleeves and an apron around the waist. The fabrics are satin-liked and decorated with lace and colored ribbons. The long socks use of bright colors is very widespread, roasted like plastic shoes. The outfit is enriched with long hair combs beaded necklaces and earrings or other accounts. Men and women use traditional bags to complement their outfit.

Other Languages
català: Tepehuans
español: Tepehuanes
français: Tepehuanes
hrvatski: Tepehuane
lietuvių: Tepehuanai
Nederlands: Tepehuano (volk)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tepehuane
svenska: Tepehuaner