Tepehuán

Tepehuán
Tepehuan family.jpg
Tepehuán mother, father and child from Durango. Carl Lumholtz, 1893.
Total population
approx 35,000–40,000
Regions with significant populations
 Mexico (Durango,[1] Chihuahua,[2] Sinaloa, Jalisco, Zacatecas, Nayarit)
Languages
O'otham and Spanish
Religion
Tepehuán Mythology, Shamanism, Animistic, Peyotism, and Roman Catholic
Related ethnic groups
Acaxee, Mountain Pima, Tohono O'odham, Tarahumara,[2] Tepecanos, Chichimecas, Cora, Huichol, Mexicanero[1] Xiximes, and Totorames

The Tepehuán are an indigenous people of Mexico. They live in Northwestern, Western, and some parts of North-Central Mexico. The indigenous Tepehuán language has three branches: Northern Tepehuan, Southeastern Tepehuan, Southwestern Tepehuan. The heart of the Tepehuan territory is in the Valley of Guadiana in Durango, but they eventually expanded into southern Chihuahua, eastern Sinaloa, and northern Jalisco, Nayarit, and Zacatecas. By the time of the Spanish conquest of Mexico, Tepehuan lands spanned a large territory along the Sierra Madre Occidental. Tepehuán groups are divided into the Ódami (Northern Tepehuán), Audam (Southwestern Tepehuán), and O'dam (Southeastern Tepehuán), each with their own language, culture, and beliefs.

Name

Tepehuán, alternately Tepeguán, derives from the Nahuatl term Tēpēhuanih, meaning "Mountain Dwellers" or "Mountain People". The tepe element comes from Nahuatle tepetl (mountains), and huan coming from nemohuayan (dwelling) or from macehualtin (people). Endonyms from the Tepehuán language include O'dam (Southeastern Tepehuán), Audam (Southwestern Tepehuán), and Ódami (Northern Tepehuán).

Other Languages
català: Tepehuans
español: Tepehuanes
français: Tepehuanes
hrvatski: Tepehuane
lietuvių: Tepehuanai
Nederlands: Tepehuano (volk)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tepehuane
svenska: Tepehuaner