Glyph of Tenochtitlan
Model of the temple district of Tenochtitlan at the National Museum of Anthropology
Model of the temple district of Tenochtitlan at the National Museum of Anthropology
Common languagesClassical Nahuatl
Mexica religion
Historical eraPre-Columbian
• Foundation
• Formation of the Aztec Empire
Succeeded by
Aztec Empire

Tenochtitlan (Nahuatl languages: Tenōchtitlan pronounced [tenoːt͡ʃˈtit͡ɬan]; Spanish: Tenochtitlán), also known as Mexica-Tenochtitlan (Nahuatl languages: Mēxihco Tenōchtitlan pronounced [meːˈʃiʔko tenoːt͡ʃˈtit͡ɬan]; Spanish: México-Tenochtitlán), was a large Mexica city-state in what is now the center of Mexico City. The exact date of the founding of the city is unclear. The date March 13, 1325, was chosen in 1925 to celebrate the 600th anniversary of the city.[1] The city was built on an island in what was then Lake Texcoco in the Valley of Mexico. The city was the capital of the expanding Aztec Empire in the 15th century[2] until it was captured by the Spanish in 1521.

At its peak, it was the largest city in the pre-Columbian Americas. It subsequently became a cabecera of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. Today, the ruins of Tenochtitlan are in the historic center of the Mexican capital. The World Heritage Site of Xochimilco contains what remains of the geography (water, boats, floating gardens) of the Mexica capital.

Tenochtitlan was one of two Mexica āltēpetl (city-states or polities) on the island, the other being Tlatelolco.


Traditionally, the name Tenochtitlan was thought to come from Nahuatl tetl [ˈtetɬ] ("rock") and nōchtli [ˈnoːtʃtɬi] ("prickly pear") and is often thought to mean, "Among the prickly pears [growing among] rocks". However, one attestation in the late 16th-century manuscript known as "the Bancroft dialogues" suggest the second vowel was short, so that the true etymology remains uncertain.[3]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Tenochtitlan
العربية: تينوتشتيتلان
aragonés: Tenochtitlán
Aymar aru: Tinochtitlan
беларуская: Тэначтытлан
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тэначтытлан
български: Теночтитлан
brezhoneg: Tenochtitlan
català: Tenochtitlán
čeština: Tenochtitlán
Cymraeg: Tenochtitlan
Deutsch: Tenochtitlan
Diné bizaad: Tenochtitlan
Ελληνικά: Τενοτστιτλάν
Esperanto: Tenoĉtitlano
euskara: Tenochtitlán
Gaeilge: Tenochtitlán
հայերեն: Տենոչտիտլան
hrvatski: Tenochtitlán
Bahasa Indonesia: Tenochtitlán
íslenska: Tenochtitlán
italiano: Tenochtitlán
Kiswahili: Tenochtitlan
Latina: Temistitlana
latviešu: Tenočtitlāna
lietuvių: Tenočtitlanas
Lingua Franca Nova: Tenochtitlan
magyar: Tenocstitlan
македонски: Теночтитлан
Bahasa Melayu: Tenochtitlan
Nederlands: Tenochtitlan
norsk nynorsk: Tenochtitlán
occitan: Tenochtitlan
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tenochtitlan
Piemontèis: Tenochtitlán
Plattdüütsch: Tenochtitlán
português: Tenochtitlán
română: Tenochtitlan
Runa Simi: Tenochtitlan
русиньскый: Теночтитлан
русский: Теночтитлан
sicilianu: Tenochtitlán
Simple English: Tenochtitlan
slovenčina: Tenochtitlan
slovenščina: Tenochtitlan
српски / srpski: Теночтитлан
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tenochtitlán
svenska: Tenochtitlán
Türkçe: Tenochtitlan
українська: Теночтітлан
Tiếng Việt: Tenochtitlan
Winaray: Tenochtitlan