Tenochtitlan

Mexica-Tenochtitlan
1325–1521
Glyph
Model of the temple district of Tenochtitlan at the National Museum of Anthropology
Model of the temple district of Tenochtitlan at the National Museum of Anthropology
CapitalTenochtitlan
Common languagesNahuatl
Religion Mexica religion
GovernmentMonarchy
Historical eraPre-Columbian
• Established
1325
• Formation of
1521
Succeeded by
Aztec Empire

Tenochtitlan (Spanish: Tenochtitlan, Spanish pronunciation: [ˈmexiko tenotʃˈtitlan] (About this sound listen)), originally known as México-Tenochtitlán (Classical Nahuatl: Mēxihco-Tenōchtitlan [meːˈʃíʔ.ko te.noːt͡ʃ.ˈtí.t͡ɬan]), was a large Mexica city-state in what is now the center of Mexico City. Founded on June 20, 1325, the city was built on an island in what was then Lake Texcoco in the Valley of Mexico. The city was the capital of the expanding Aztec Empire in the 15th century[1] until it was captured by the Spanish in 1521.

At its peak, it was the largest city in the Pre-Columbian Americas. It subsequently became a cabecera of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. Today, the ruins of Tenochtitlan are in the historic center of the Mexican capital.

Tenochtitlan was one of two Mexica āltēpetl (city-states) on the island, the other being Tlatelolco.

Etymology

Traditionally, the name Tenochtitlan was thought to come from Nahuatl tetl [ˈtetɬ] ("rock") and nōchtli [ˈnoːtʃtɬi] ("prickly pear") and is often thought to mean, "Among the prickly pears [growing among] rocks". However, one attestation in the late 16th-century manuscript known as "the Bancroft dialogues" suggest the second vowel was short, so that the true etymology remains uncertain.[2]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Tenochtitlan
العربية: تينوتشتيتلان
aragonés: Tenochtitlán
Aymar aru: Tinochtitlan
беларуская: Тэначтытлан
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тэначтытлан
български: Теночтитлан
brezhoneg: Tenochtitlan
català: Tenochtitlán
čeština: Tenochtitlán
Cymraeg: Tenochtitlan
Deutsch: Tenochtitlan
Diné bizaad: Tenochtitlan
Ελληνικά: Τενοτστιτλάν
Esperanto: Tenoĉtitlano
euskara: Tenochtitlán
Gaeilge: Tenochtitlán
հայերեն: Տենոչտիտլան
hrvatski: Tenochtitlán
Bahasa Indonesia: Tenochtitlán
íslenska: Tenochtitlán
italiano: Tenochtitlán
Kiswahili: Tenochtitlan
Latina: Temistitlana
latviešu: Tenočtitlāna
lietuvių: Tenočtitlanas
magyar: Tenocstitlan
македонски: Теночтитлан
Bahasa Melayu: Tenochtitlan
Nederlands: Tenochtitlan
norsk nynorsk: Tenochtitlán
occitan: Tenochtitlan
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tenochtitlan
Piemontèis: Tenochtitlán
Plattdüütsch: Tenochtitlán
português: Tenochtitlán
română: Tenochtitlan
Runa Simi: Tenochtitlan
русский: Теночтитлан
sicilianu: Tenochtitlán
Simple English: Tenochtitlan
slovenčina: Tenochtitlan
slovenščina: Tenochtitlan
српски / srpski: Теночтитлан
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tenochtitlán
svenska: Tenochtitlán
Türkçe: Tenochtitlan
українська: Теночтітлан
Tiếng Việt: Tenochtitlan
Winaray: Tenochtitlan
Lingua Franca Nova: Tenochtitlan