Teno Domenico Roncalio (March 23, 1916 – March 30, 2003), born Celeste Domenico Roncaglio, was an American politician and writer who served in the United States House of Representatives as a Democrat. He is currently the last Democrat to have represented Wyoming in the House.
Roncalio held positions in environmental committees during John F. Kennedy's administration and in the 1980s. During his tenure in the House of Representatives he supported multiple environmental bills and was a staunch opponent of American involvement in the Vietnam War. After leaving the House of Representatives he remained active in politics and helped some of the remaining successful campaigns of the Wyoming Democratic Party before his death.
In 1940 he started editing the Wyoming Collegiate features which were published by the Casper Tribune-Herald newspaper. While in college he was elected as president of the student body, joined the Young Democrats, and Senator Joseph C. O'Mahoney offered him a job in Washington, D.C. In 1947 he graduated from the University of Wyoming with a law degree.
In 1950 he began working as editor of the Wyoming Labor Journal. He served as the prosecuting attorney for Laramie County from 1950 to 1956. In 1957 he was elected as chairman of the Wyoming Democratic Party. Later that year Governor Milward Simpson proposed a civil rights bill that Roncalio had drafted after seeing a black couple being removed from a restaurant. He also served as a delegate to the 1956, 1960, 1964, and 1968 Democratic National Conventions. In 1958 it was speculated that he might be a possible Attorney General appointee, but on December 3, 1958 he stated that he did not want to be appointed to the office.
As Chairman of the Wyoming delegation to the 1960 Convention, he cast the fifteen votes which gave John F. Kennedy the minimum amount needed to win the Democratic presidential nomination. Following Senator-elect Edwin Keith Thomson's death Kennedy asked Governor John J. Hickey to appoint Roncalio to fill the Senate vacancy, but he chose to instead appoint himself. Kennedy later appointed him as chairman of the International Joint Commission on Water Rights between the U.S. and Canada in 1961 and served until 1964.
On April 28, 1964, he announced that he would run for the Democratic nomination for Wyoming's at-large congressional seat and in the general election he narrowly defeated incumbent Representative William Henry Harrison with the coattail effect of President Lyndon B. Johnson's victory in Wyoming during the presidential election helping him.
Upon taking office he praised President Johnson for his state of the union speech and called it the "20th century restatement of the constitutional principles on which this nation is founded". During the 89th session he served on the Interior and Veterans Affairs committees. On June 15, 1966 he formally announced that he would run for Senate instead of seeking reelection, but was defeated by Governor Clifford P. Hansen.
Snake River Canyon
After losing the Senate election Roncalio filed multiple affidavits for land claims around the Snake River and it was publicly revealed in 1972 that his land claims were estimated to hold $7 billion worth of gold.
In 1967 he was asked to run for the House again in the 1968 election, but chose not to. During the 1968 Democratic presidential primaries he supported Senator Robert F. Kennedy and was a member of his staff. When Roncalio heard about Robert Kennedy's assassination he stated that "I can't think of anything appropriate newsworthy or decent to say". After Kennedy's death he supported the anti-Humphrey movement at the national convention. In April 1969 William A. Norris Jr., Wyoming's Democratic national committeeman, announced that he would resign and on May 5, 1969, Roncalio was selected to replace him by acclamation after Joe Stewart, the only other candidate, withdrew two days before.
In 1969 he stated that he would not run against incumbent Senator Gale W. McGee in the Democratic primary and stated that he would either run for governor or house. On June 23, 1970, he announced that he would seek the Democratic nomination for Wyoming's at-large House seat. In the primary he easily defeated state representative and future governor Edgar Herschler and in the general election narrowly defeated Harry Roberts by 608 votes.
Although he did not endorse him Roncalio stated that Senator Edmund Muskie was the most balanced candidate during the 1972 Democratic presidential primaries, but later voted for George McGovern at the national convention in Miami Beach, Florida. Roncalio stated throughout 1971 that he would not run against Clifford P. Hansen for Senate again and on July 20, 1972 he filed to run for reelection and was reelected by a similar margin in the general election against Bill Kidd. On June 28, 1974 he announced that he would seek another term and defeated state senator Thomas F. Stroock by a wide margin. He was reelected in 1976 after defeating Larry J. Hart.
On September 17, 1977, he announced that he would not run for reelection while at a University of Wyoming football game and stated that he would not run for governor giving his support to former state representative Edgar Herschler. In the 1978 election former White House Chief of StaffDick Cheney easily won to succeed Roncalio and Roncalio resigned early on December 30, 1978.
He returned to Wyoming, where he served as Special Master in Wyoming's Big Horn adjudication of Indian Water Rights until 1982. In 1980 he endorsed Jim Rogers' house campaign, but he was defeated in a landslide by Dick Cheney and in 1982 endorsed Rodger McDaniel's unsuccessful Senate campaign. In 1986 he served as co-chair of Kathy Karpan's 1986 Secretary of State campaign and in 1990 he donated $1,000 to Pete Maxfield's unsuccessful House campaign against Craig L. Thomas.
In 1965 he introduced legislation to extend the National Wool Act of 1954 through December 1972 in the House alongside Senator Gale McGee who introduced it in the Senate. In 1965 he introduced a bill that would have repealed Section 14B of the Taft–Hartley Act that prevents unions from negotiating contracts or legally binding documents requiring companies to fire workers who refuse to join the union, but it failed. In 1966 he proposed that every window on commercial airplanes should be turned into emergency exits and attempted to have the Federal Aviation Agency support his idea, but he was unsuccessful.
In July 1974 he voted for an amendment that would prevent the use of federal funds for abortions, but it was defeated with two hundred forty seven against and one hundred twenty three in favor.
In 1966 President Lyndon B. Johnson suggested during his state of the union address that Congress should pass a constitutional amendment giving members of the House of Representatives four-year terms instead of the current two years and Roncalio supported the idea, but the constitutional amendment was unsuccessful.
In 1966 he introduced a resolution calling for the support of a constitutional amendment to lower the voting age. Although the resolution did not lead to a constitutional amendment Roncalio would later support the 26th amendment when he returned to the House of Representatives in 1971.
In 1965 he started efforts to have the Agate Fossil Beds established as a protected landscape, but was unsuccessful although they would be recognized as such in 1997. In 1972 he helped in the establishment of Fossil Butte National Monument as a protected landscape. In 1973 he successfully defeated efforts to use underground nuclear blasts to produce natural gas.
In 1965 he supported a bill created by Representative Omar Burleson that would reduce the United States' importation of oil from 2,200,000 barrels by 375,000 barrels daily and increase domestic production of oil. In 1966 he supported an effort to remove funding for the House Un-American Activities Committee and created a resolution demanding that France pay back its $6 billion war debts.
On February 12, 1965, Roncalio stated that the United States should continue its intervention in Vietnam despite threats by China to intervene and on April 5, 1965, supported an appropriations bill for the funding of a new American Embassy in Saigon, South Vietnam to show that the United States would continue its involvement in the area.
However, when he returned to the House of Representatives in the 1970s he was staunchly against the Vietnam War. In 1969 he criticized Richard Nixon's Peace with Honor plan as a "phony promise" and that the United States had failed in Vietnam and should withdraw its soldiers. On November 10, 1971 he voted for a budget amendment that would have halted all defense spending by November 15 stating that he would not vote for any defense spending until a Vietnam withdrawal date was set, but it was defeated with three hundred fifty six against. In February 1971 he was one of ninety nine to vote against a two-year extension to the draft, but it was passed with two hundred ninety three in favor.
Teno Roncalio electoral history
1964 Wyoming at-large Congressional District Democratic primary