Temple of Vespasian and Titus

Temple of Vespasian and Titus
RomaForoRomanoTempioVespasiano.JPG
Temple of Vespasian and Titus
LocationRegione VIII Forum Romanum
Built in79
Built by/forTitus and Domitian
Type of structureRoman Temple
RelatedList of ancient monuments
in Rome
Temple of Vespasian and Titus is located in Rome
Temple of Vespasian and Titus
Temple of Vespasian and Titus

The Temple of Vespasian and Titus (Latin: Templum divi Vespasiani,[1] Italian: Tempio di Vespasiano) is located in Rome at the western end of the Roman Forum between the Temple of Concordia and the Temple of Saturn. It is dedicated to the deified Vespasian and his son, the deified Titus. It was begun by Titus in 79 after Vespasian's death and Titus's succession. Titus’ brother, Domitian, completed and dedicated the temple to Titus and Vespasian in approximately 87.

Importance

Throughout Roman history, there was an emphasis on increasing the fame and glory of a family name, often through monuments commemorating the deceased. Therefore, the temple was constructed to honor the Flavian Dynasty, which comprised the emperors Vespasian (69-79), Titus (79-81), and Domitian (81-96). Historians question whether or not Titus and Domitian had a good relationship; however, Domitian ensured the deification of his brother into the imperial cult in order to exalt the prominence of the Flavian name.[2] Titus and Vespasian were each deified through the ceremony of apotheosis.[3] In doing so, tradition guaranteed that Roman citizens and subjects would honor Vespasian and Titus (or at least honor their genius) as Roman deities. This imperial cult worship was as much a sign of allegiance to the emperor of Rome, or as a political and diplomatic gesture, as it was a formal religion.

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