(1822–1899) was a French artist, painter of animals
, and sculptor, known for her artistic realism
. Born in Bordeaux
into a family of artists, she moved to Paris at the age of six. Spending much of her time drawing from an early age, Bonheur had a difficult childhood and was expelled from several schools, eventually being trained as a painter by her father. A French government commission led to Bonheur's first great success, Ploughing in the Nivernais
, exhibited in 1849. In 1855 she completed The Horse Fair
, which is regarded as her most famous work.
This oil-on-canvas portrait of Bonheur, titled Rosa Bonheur, was completed in 1898 by American artist Anna Elizabeth Klumpke, a long-time admirer of Bonheur's work.Painting: Anna Klumpke