Ted Kennedy

Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy, official photo portrait crop.jpg
United States Senator
from Massachusetts
In office
November 7, 1962 – August 25, 2009
Preceded byBenjamin A. Smith II
Succeeded byPaul G. Kirk
Chair of the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee
In office
January 3, 2007 – August 25, 2009
Preceded byMike Enzi
Succeeded byTom Harkin
In office
June 6, 2001 – January 3, 2003
Preceded byJim Jeffords
Succeeded byJudd Gregg
Chair of the Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee
In office
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 1995
Preceded byOrrin Hatch
Succeeded byNancy Kassebaum
Chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee
In office
January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1981
Preceded byJames Eastland
Succeeded byStrom Thurmond
Senate Majority Whip
In office
January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1971
LeaderMike Mansfield
Preceded byRussell B. Long
Succeeded byRobert Byrd
Personal details
Born
Edward Moore Kennedy

(1932-02-22)February 22, 1932
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
DiedAugust 25, 2009(2009-08-25) (aged 77)
Hyannis Port, Massachusetts, U.S.
Resting placeArlington National Cemetery
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Joan Bennett
(m. 1958; div. 1983)

Vicki Reggie (m. 1992)
RelationsSee Kennedy family
Children
ParentsJoseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
EducationHarvard University (BA)
University of Virginia (LLB)
Net worth$43–162 million (USD)[1]
SignatureOfficial website
Military service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service1951–1953
RankArmy-USA-OR-03.svg Private (1st Class)
UnitSHAPE

Edward Moore Kennedy (February 22, 1932 – August 25, 2009) was an American politician who served in the United States Senate from Massachusetts for almost 47 years, from 1962 until his death in 2009. A member of the Democratic Party, he was the second most senior member of the Senate when he died and is the third-longest-continuously-serving senator in United States history. For four decades, Ted Kennedy was the most prominent living member of the Kennedy family, as well as its patriarch. He was also the last surviving, longest-living, and youngest son of Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. and Rose Kennedy. He was the youngest brother of John F. Kennedy—the 35th President of the United States—and Senator Robert F. Kennedy, both victims of assassination, and the father of Congressman Patrick J. Kennedy.

Ted Kennedy was 30 years old when he first entered the Senate following a November 1962 special election in Massachusetts to fill the vacant seat previously held by his brother, John, who had taken office as the president. He was elected to a full six-year term in 1964 and was later re-elected seven more times until his death. The Chappaquiddick incident in 1969 resulted in the death of his automobile passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne. Kennedy pleaded guilty to a charge of leaving the scene of an accident and later received a two-month suspended sentence. The incident and its aftermath hindered his chances of ever becoming president. His only attempt, in the 1980 election, resulted in a Democratic primary campaign loss to the incumbent president, Jimmy Carter, who was later defeated in the general election by Republican opponent Ronald Reagan.

Kennedy was known for his oratorical skills. His 1968 eulogy for his brother Robert and his 1980 rallying cry for modern American liberalism were among his best-known speeches. He became recognized as "The Lion of the Senate" through his long tenure and influence. Kennedy and his staff wrote more than 300 bills that were enacted into law. Unabashedly liberal, Kennedy championed an interventionist government that emphasized economic and social justice, but he was also known for working with Republicans to find compromises among senators with disparate views. As such, Kennedy played a major role in passing many laws, including the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, the National Cancer Act of 1971, the COBRA health insurance provision, the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, the Ryan White AIDS Care Act, the Civil Rights Act of 1991, the Mental Health Parity Act, the S-CHIP children's health program, the No Child Left Behind Act, and the Edward M. Kennedy Serve America Act. During the 2000s, he led several unsuccessful immigration reform efforts. Over the course of his Senate career and continuing into the Barack Obama administration, Kennedy continued his efforts to enact universal health care, which he called the "cause of my life."

By the later years of his life, Kennedy had come to be viewed as a major figure and spokesman for American progressivism. In 2008, Kennedy was hospitalized after suffering a seizure and was diagnosed with a malignant brain tumor, which limited his appearances in the Senate. He died of the disease at age 77 on August 25, 2009, at the Kennedy Compound in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts.

Early life

Edward Moore Kennedy was born on February 22, 1932, at St. Margaret's Hospital in the Dorchester section of Boston, Massachusetts.[2] He was the last of the nine children of Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. and Rose Fitzgerald, members of prominent Irish American families in Boston,[2] who constituted one of the wealthiest families in the nation once they were joined.[3] His eight elder siblings were Joseph Jr., John, Rosemary, Kathleen, Eunice, Patricia, Robert, and Jean. John asked to be the newborn's godfather, a request his parents honored, though they did not agree to his request to name the baby George Washington Kennedy (Ted was born on President George Washington's 200th birthday) and instead named him after their father's assistant.[4]

As a childhood, Ted was frequently uprooted, by his family's moves among Bronxville, New York; Hyannis Port, Massachusetts; Palm Beach, Florida; and the Court of St. James's, in London, England.[5][6] His formal education started at Gibbs School, in Sloane Street, Kensington, London.[7] He had attended ten schools by the age of eleven, a series of disruptions that interfered with his academic success.[8] Ted was an altar boy at the St. Joseph's Church and received his First Communion from Pope Pius XII in the Vatican at age seven.[9] Ted spent sixth and seventh grades at the Fessenden School, where he was a mediocre student,[2] and eighth grade at Cranwell Preparatory School; both schools were in Massachusetts.[5] He was the youngest child and his parents were affectionate towards him, but they also compared him unfavorably with his older brothers.[2]

Between the ages of eight and sixteen, Ted suffered the traumas of Rosemary's failed lobotomy and the deaths of Joseph Jr. in World War II and Kathleen in an airplane crash.[2] Ted's affable maternal grandfather, John F. Fitzgerald, was the mayor of Boston, a congressman, and an early political and personal influence.[2] Ted spent his four high-school years at Milton Academy, a preparatory school in Milton, Massachusetts, where he received B and C grades and, in 1950, finished 36th in a graduating class of 56.[10] He did well at football there, playing on the varsity in his last two years; the school's headmaster later described his play as "absolutely fearless ... he would have tackled an express train to New York if you asked ... he loved contact sports".[10] He also played on the tennis team and was in the drama, debate, and glee clubs.[10]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Edvard Kennedi
تۆرکجه: تد کندی
Bân-lâm-gú: Edward Kennedy
български: Едуард Кенеди
Cebuano: Ted Kennedy
čeština: Edward Kennedy
Ελληνικά: Τεντ Κένεντι
español: Ted Kennedy
فارسی: تد کندی
Gaeilge: Ted Kennedy
Bahasa Indonesia: Edward Kennedy
Interlingue: Edward Kennedy
italiano: Ted Kennedy
עברית: טד קנדי
ქართული: ტედ კენედი
latviešu: Teds Kenedijs
Lëtzebuergesch: Edward Kennedy
македонски: Едвард Кенеди
მარგალური: ტედ კენედი
Nederlands: Edward Kennedy
polski: Ted Kennedy
português: Ted Kennedy
română: Edward Kennedy
Runa Simi: Edward Kennedy
Simple English: Ted Kennedy
српски / srpski: Едвард Мур Кенеди
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ted Kennedy
svenska: Ted Kennedy
Türkçe: Edward Kennedy
українська: Едвард Кеннеді
Tiếng Việt: Ted Kennedy