Tasmania

Tasmania
Flag of Tasmania.svgCoat of arms of Tasmania.svg
FlagCoat of arms
Slogan or nickname
  • The Island of Inspiration;
  • The Apple Isle;
  • Holiday Isle
Motto(s)Ubertas et Fidelitas
(Fertility and Faithfulness)
Map of Australia with Tasmania highlighted
Other Australian states and territories
Coordinates42°S 147°E / 42°S 147°E / -42; 147
Capital cityHobart
Demonym
  • Tasmanian
  • Tassie (colloquial)
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
 • GovernorKate Warner
 • PremierWill Hodgman (Lib)
Australian state 
 • Established as Van Diemen's Land1825
 • Responsible govt.
   (as Tasmania)
1856
 • Became state1901
 • Australia Act3 March 1986
Area 
 • Total68,401 km² (7th)
26,410 sq mi
 • Land67,031 km²
25,881 sq mi
 • Water1,370.42 km² (2%)
529 sq mi
Population
(March 2019)[1]
 
 • Population533,308 (6th)
 • Density7.80/km² (4th)
20.2 /sq mi
Elevation 
 • Highest pointMount Ossa
1,617 m (5,305 ft)[2]
Gross state product
(2017–18)
 
 • Product ($m)$30,266[3] (7th)
 • Product per capita$57,686 (8th)
Time zone(s)UTC+10 (AEST)
UTC+11 (AEDT)
Federal representation 
 • House seats5/151
 • Senate seats12/76
Abbreviations 
 • PostalTAS
 • ISO 3166-2AU-TAS
Emblems 
 • FloralTasmanian blue gum
(Eucalyptus globulus)[4]
 • AnimalTasmanian devil
(Sarcophilus harrisii)[5]
 • BirdYellow wattlebird (unofficial)
(Anthochaera paradoxa)[6]
 • Mineral or gemstoneCrocoite[7]
(PbCrO4)[8]
 • ColoursDark green, red & gold
Websitewww.tas.gov.au
Footnotes[9][10]
Tasmania from space

Tasmania (ə/;[11] abbreviated as TAS, nicknamed Tassie) is an island state of Australia. It is located 240 km (150 mi) to the south of the Australian mainland, separated by Bass Strait. The state encompasses the main island of Tasmania, the 26th-largest island in the world, and the surrounding 334 islands.[12] The state has a population of around 533,308[1] as of March 2019. Just over forty percent of the population resides in the Greater Hobart precinct, which forms the metropolitan area of the state capital and largest city, Hobart.[13]

Tasmania's area is 68,401 km2 (26,410 sq mi), of which the main island covers 64,519 km2 (24,911 sq mi).[14] It is promoted as a natural state, and protected areas of Tasmania cover about 42% of its land area, which includes national parks and World Heritage Sites.[15] Tasmania was the founding place of the first environmental political party in the world.[16]

The island is believed to have been occupied by indigenous peoples for 30,000 years before British colonisation.[17] It is thought Aboriginal Tasmanians were separated from the mainland Aboriginal groups about 10,000 years ago when the sea rose to form Bass Strait.[18] The Aboriginal population is estimated to have been between 3,000 and 7,000 at the time of colonisation, but was almost wiped out within 30 years by a combination of violent guerrilla conflict with settlers known as the "Black War", intertribal conflict, and from the late 1820s, the spread of infectious diseases to which they had no immunity. The conflict, which peaked between 1825 and 1831, and led to more than three years of martial law, cost the lives of almost 1,100 Aboriginals and settlers.

The island was permanently settled by Europeans in 1803 as a penal settlement of the British Empire to prevent claims to the land by the First French Empire during the Napoleonic Wars. The island was initially part of the Colony of New South Wales but became a separate, self-governing colony under the name Van Diemen's Land (named after Anthony van Diemen) in 1825.[19] Approximately 75,000 convicts were sent to Van Diemen's Land before transportation ceased in 1853.[20] In 1854 the present Constitution of Tasmania was passed, and the following year the colony received permission to change its name to Tasmania. In 1901 it became a state through the process of the Federation of Australia.

Toponymy

The state is named after Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, who made the first reported European sighting of the island on 24 November 1642. Tasman named the island Anthony van Diemen's Land after his sponsor Anthony van Diemen, the Governor of the Dutch East Indies. The name was later shortened to Van Diemen's Land by the British. It was officially renamed Tasmania in honour of its first European discoverer on 1 January 1856.[21]

Tasmania was sometimes referred to as "Dervon," as mentioned in the Jerilderie Letter written by the notorious Australian bushranger Ned Kelly in 1879. The colloquial expression for the state is "Tassie". Tasmania is also colloquially shortened to "Tas," mainly when used in business names and website addresses. TAS is also the Australia Post abbreviation for the state.

The aboriginal name of the island is Trowunna, Trowenna or Loetrouwitter.[22] The name Lutruwita is also used for Tasmania in a reconstructed aboriginal language.[23] Today, the name Trowunna, and variations of this, are sometimes used as the name of the island.[24]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Tasmanië
Alemannisch: Tasmanien
አማርኛ: ታዝሜኒያ
Ænglisc: Tasmania
العربية: تاسمانيا
aragonés: Tasmania
asturianu: Tasmania
azərbaycanca: Tasmaniya
تۆرکجه: تاسمانی
Bân-lâm-gú: Tasmania
беларуская: Тасманія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Тасманія
български: Тасмания
bosanski: Tasmanija
brezhoneg: Tasmania
català: Tasmània
čeština: Tasmánie
Cymraeg: Tasmania
dansk: Tasmanien
Deutsch: Tasmanien
eesti: Tasmaania
Ελληνικά: Τασμανία
español: Tasmania
Esperanto: Tasmanio
euskara: Tasmania
فارسی: تاسمانی
Fiji Hindi: Tasmania
føroyskt: Tasmania
français: Tasmanie
Frysk: Tasmaanje
Gaeilge: An Tasmáin
Gaelg: Yn Tasmaan
Gàidhlig: Tasmania
galego: Tasmania
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Tasmania
हिन्दी: टैज़मेनिया
hrvatski: Tasmanija
Bahasa Indonesia: Tasmania
interlingua: Tasmania
Ирон: Тасмани
íslenska: Tasmanía
italiano: Tasmania
עברית: טסמניה
Kapampangan: Tasmania
қазақша: Тасмания
Kiswahili: Tasmania
Кыргызча: Тасмания
кырык мары: Тасмани
Latina: Tasmania
latviešu: Tasmanija
Lëtzebuergesch: Tasmanien
lietuvių: Tasmanija
Ligure: Tasmania
magyar: Tasmania
македонски: Тасманија
മലയാളം: ടാസ്മേനിയ
مصرى: تسمانيا
Bahasa Melayu: Tasmania
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Tasmania
монгол: Тасмани
Nederlands: Tasmanië
नेपाली: तस्मानिया
Nordfriisk: Tasmaanien
Norfuk / Pitkern: Tasmainya
norsk: Tasmania
norsk nynorsk: Tasmania
occitan: Tasmania
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଟାସମାନିଆ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Tasmaniya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਤਸਮਾਨੀਆ
پنجابی: تسمانیا
polski: Tasmania
português: Tasmânia
română: Tasmania
русский: Тасмания
саха тыла: Тасмания
Gagana Samoa: Tasmania
sardu: Tasmània
Scots: Tasmanie
Seeltersk: Tasmanien
shqip: Tasmania
sicilianu: Tasmania
Simple English: Tasmania
slovenčina: Tasmánia
slovenščina: Tasmanija
ślůnski: Tasmańijo
Soomaaliga: Tasmaniya
کوردی: تاسمانیا
српски / srpski: Тасманија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tasmanija
suomi: Tasmania
svenska: Tasmanien
Tagalog: Tasmania
Taqbaylit: Tasmanya
татарча/tatarça: Тасмания
Türkçe: Tasmanya
українська: Тасманія
اردو: تسمانیا
Tiếng Việt: Tasmania
West-Vlams: Tasmanië
Winaray: Tasmania
ייִדיש: טאסמאניע