The Talmud (l-/; Hebrew: תַּלְמוּד‎, romanizedtalmūd) is the central text of Rabbinic Judaism and the primary source of Jewish religious law (halakha) and Jewish theology.[1][2][3] Until the advent of modernity, in nearly all Jewish communities, the Talmud was the centerpiece of Jewish cultural life and was foundational to "all Jewish thought and aspirations", serving also as "the guide for the daily life" of Jews.[4]

The term "Talmud" normally refers to the collection of writings named specifically the Babylonian Talmud (Talmud Bavli), although there is also an earlier collection known as the Jerusalem Talmud (Talmud Yerushalmi).[5] It may also traditionally be called Shas (ש״ס), a Hebrew abbreviation of shisha sedarim, or the "six orders" of the Mishnah.

The Talmud has two components; the Mishnah (Hebrew: משנה‎, c. 200), a written compendium of Rabbinic Judaism's Oral Torah; and the Gemara (Hebrew: גמרא‎, c. 500), an elucidation of the Mishnah and related Tannaitic writings that often ventures onto other subjects and expounds broadly on the Hebrew Bible. The term "Talmud" may refer to either the Gemara alone, or the Mishnah and Gemara together.

The entire Talmud consists of 63 tractates, and in standard print is 2,711 double-sided folios.[6] It is written in Mishnaic Hebrew and Jewish Babylonian Aramaic and contains the teachings and opinions of thousands of rabbis (dating from before the Common Era through to the fifth century) on a variety of subjects, including halakha, Jewish ethics, philosophy, customs, history, and folklore, and many other topics. The Talmud is the basis for all codes of Jewish law, and is widely quoted in rabbinic literature.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Talmoed
Alemannisch: Talmud
العربية: تلمود
asturianu: Talmud
azərbaycanca: Talmud
تۆرکجه: تلمود
বাংলা: তালমুদ
Bân-lâm-gú: Talmud
беларуская: Талмуд
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Талмуд
български: Талмуд
bosanski: Talmud
català: Talmud
čeština: Talmud
Cymraeg: Y Talmwd
dansk: Talmud
Deutsch: Talmud
eesti: Talmud
Ελληνικά: Ταλμούδ
español: Talmud
Esperanto: Talmudo
euskara: Talmud
فارسی: تلمود
français: Talmud
Frysk: Talmoed
Gaeilge: An Talmúd
Gaelg: Talmud
Gàidhlig: Talmud
galego: Talmud
한국어: 탈무드
հայերեն: Թալմուդ
हिन्दी: तालमुद
hrvatski: Talmud
Bahasa Indonesia: Talmud
interlingua: Talmud
íslenska: Talmúd
italiano: Talmud
עברית: תלמוד
Jawa: Talmud
ქართული: თალმუდი
қазақша: Талмуд
Kiswahili: Talmud
Кыргызча: Талмуд
кырык мары: Талмуд
Ladino: Talmud
Latina: Talmud
latviešu: Talmūds
lietuvių: Talmudas
magyar: Talmud
македонски: Талмуд
Malagasy: Talmoda
മലയാളം: തൽമൂദ്
مصرى: تلمود
Bahasa Melayu: Talmud
Nederlands: Talmoed
नेपाल भाषा: तल्मुद
日本語: タルムード
norsk: Talmud
norsk nynorsk: Talmúd
occitan: Talmud
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Talmud
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਤਲਮੂਦ
Piemontèis: Talmud
polski: Talmud
português: Talmude
română: Talmud
русский: Талмуд
Scots: Talmud
shqip: Talmud
sicilianu: Talmud
Simple English: Talmud
slovenčina: Talmud
slovenščina: Talmud
کوردی: تەلموود
српски / srpski: Талмуд
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Talmud
suomi: Talmud
svenska: Talmud
Tagalog: Talmud
தமிழ்: தல்மூத்
Türkçe: Talmud
українська: Талмуд
اردو: تلمود
Tiếng Việt: Talmud
Winaray: Talmud
ייִדיש: תלמוד
粵語: 塔木德
中文: 塔木德
kriyòl gwiyannen: Talmud