T-90

T-90
2013 Moscow Victory Day Parade (28).jpg
Russian Army T-90A tank on display during parade festivities in May 2013.
TypeMain battle tank
Place of originUSSR
Service history
In service
  • 1993 (T-90)
  • 2004 (T-90A)
Used bySee Current operators
WarsWar of Dagestan[a]
Syrian Civil War
War in Donbass[b]
Production history
DesignerKartsev-Venediktov
ManufacturerUralvagonzavod
Unit costUSD 2.5 million in 1999,[1] USD 2.77 – 4.25 million in 2011 (varies by source)[2]
T-90MS: USD 4.5 Million in 2016
Produced1992–present
No. built3,200+
Specifications
Weight46 tonnes (45 long tons; 51 short tons) (T-90)
46.5 tonnes (45.8 long tons; 51.3 short tons) (T-90A)
48 tonnes (47 long tons; 53 short tons) (T-90MS)[3]
Length

9.63 m (31 ft 7 in)

6.86 m (22 ft 6 in) (hull)
Width3.78 m (12 ft 5 in)
Height2.22 m (7 ft 3 in)
Crew3

Armor

Steel-composite-reactive blend APFSDS: 550 mm + 250–280 mm with Kontakt-5 = 800–830 mm

HEAT: 650–850 mm + 500–700 mm with Kontakt-5 = 1,150–1,550 mm[4][5][6]
Main
armament

2A46M 125 mm smoothbore gun with 43 rounds (T-90)

2A46M-2 125 mm smoothbore gun with 42 rounds (T-90A)
2A82-1M 125 mm smoothbore gun (T-90M)
Secondary
armament
12.7mm Kord Heavy machine gun, 7.62mm PKMT
EngineV-84MS 12-cyl. diesel (T-90)
V-92S2 12-cyl. diesel (T-90A)
V-92S2F (T-90MS)
840 hp (618 kW) for V-84MS 12-cyl. diesel engine
950 hp (736 kW) for V-92S2 12-cyl. diesel engine
1,130 hp (831 kW) for V-92S2F (T-90AM&T-90MS)
Power/weight

18.2 hp/tonne (13.3 kW/tonne) (T-90)

20.4 hp/tonne (15 kW/tonne) (T-90A)
SuspensionTorsion bar
Operational
range
550 km (340 mi) (without fuel drums)
Speed60 km/h (37 mph)

The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993. The tank is a modern variation of the T-72B and incorporates many features found on the T-80U. Originally called the T-72BU, but later renamed to T-90, it is an advanced tank in service with Russian Ground Forces and the Naval Infantry. The T-90 uses a 125 mm 2A46 smoothbore main gun, the 1A45T fire-control system, an upgraded engine, gunner's thermal sight. Standard protective measures include a blend of steel and composite armour, smoke grenade dischargers, Kontakt-5 explosive-reactive armour and the Shtora infrared ATGM jamming system. It was designed and built by Uralvagonzavod, in Nizhny Tagil, Russia. Since 2011, the Russian armed forces have ceased any further orders for the T-90, and are instead increasing their numbers of the T-14 Armata that began production in 2016.[7]

Development

The T-90 has its origins in a Soviet-era program aimed at developing a singular replacement for the T-64, T-72 and T-80 series of main battle tanks. The T-72 platform was selected as the basis for the new generation of tank owing to its cost-effectiveness, simplicity and automotive qualities. The Kartsev-Venediktov Design Bureau from Nizhny Tagil was responsible for the design work and prepared two parallel proposals—the Object 188, which was a relatively simple upgrade of the existing T-72B tank (Object 184), and the far more advanced Object 187—only vaguely related to the T-72 series and incorporating major improvements to the hull and turret design, armor, powerplant and armament. Development work was approved in 1986 and the first prototypes were completed by 1988. The vehicles resulting from the Object 187 program have not been declassified to this date, but it was the lower risk Object 188 upgrade that would be approved for series production as the T-72BU.[8]

Other Languages
العربية: تي-90
azərbaycanca: T-90
беларуская: Т-90
български: Т-90
bosanski: T-90
brezhoneg: T-90
català: T-90
čeština: T-90
Deutsch: T-90
eesti: T-90
español: T-90
فارسی: تی-۹۰
français: T-90
한국어: T-90
հայերեն: Տ-90
hrvatski: T-90
Bahasa Indonesia: T-90
italiano: T-90
עברית: T-90
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magyar: T–90
Bahasa Melayu: T-90
монгол: T-90
မြန်မာဘာသာ: တီ-၉၀
Nederlands: T-90
日本語: T-90
norsk: T-90
occitan: T-90
پښتو: ټې-۹۰
polski: T-90
português: T-90
română: T-90
русский: Т-90
Scots: T-90
slovenčina: T-90
slovenščina: T-90
српски / srpski: Т-90
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: T-90
suomi: T-90
svenska: T-90
தமிழ்: ரி-90
ไทย: ที-90
Türkçe: T-90
українська: Т-90
Tiếng Việt: T-90
粵語: T-90坦克