Symbol

A red octagon symbolizes "stop" even without the word.

A symbol is a mark, sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, object, or relationship. Symbols allow people to go beyond what is known or seen by creating linkages between otherwise very different concepts and experiences. All communication (and data processing) is achieved through the use of symbols. Symbols take the form of words, sounds, gestures, ideas or visual images and are used to convey other ideas and beliefs. For example, a red octagon may be a symbol for "STOP". On a map, a blue line might represent a river. Numerals are symbols for numbers. Alphabetic letters may be symbols for sounds. Personal names are symbols representing individuals. A red rose may symbolize love and compassion. The variable 'x', in a mathematical equation, may symbolize the position of a particle in space.

In cartography, an organized collection of symbols forms a legend for a map.

Etymology

The word symbol derives from the Greek σύμβολον symbolon, meaning "token, watchword" from σύν syn "together" and βάλλω bállō " "I throw, put." The sense evolution in Greek is from "throwing things together" to "contrasting" to "comparing" to "token used in comparisons to determine if something is genuine." Hence, "outward sign" of something. The meaning "something which stands for something else" was first recorded in 1590, in Edmund Spenser's Faerie Queene.[1]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Simbool
Alemannisch: Symbol
العربية: رمز
asturianu: Símbolu
azərbaycanca: Simvol
বাংলা: প্রতীক
Bân-lâm-gú: Symbol
беларуская: Сімвал
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сымбаль (знак)
Bikol Central: Simbolo
български: Символ
bosanski: Simbol
català: Símbol
čeština: Symbol
Cymraeg: Symbol
dansk: Symbol
Deutsch: Symbol
eesti: Sümbol
Ελληνικά: Σύμβολο
español: Símbolo
Esperanto: Simbolo
euskara: Ikur
فارسی: نماد
français: Symbole
Frysk: Symboal
Gaeilge: Siombail
galego: Símbolo
한국어: 상징
Հայերեն: Խորհրդանիշ
हिन्दी: प्रतीक
hrvatski: Simbol
Ido: Simbolo
Bahasa Indonesia: Simbol
íslenska: Tákn
italiano: Simbolo
עברית: סמל
ქართული: სიმბოლო
қазақша: Символ
Kreyòl ayisyen: Senbòl
Кыргызча: Символ
Latina: Symbolum
latviešu: Simbols
lietuvių: Simbolis
magyar: Szimbólum
македонски: Симбол
მარგალური: სიმბოლო
Bahasa Melayu: Simbol
Nederlands: Symbool
日本語: シンボル
нохчийн: Символ
norsk: Symbol
norsk nynorsk: Symbol
Nouormand: Sŷmbole
occitan: Simbòl
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪ੍ਰਤੀਕ
ភាសាខ្មែរ: និមិត្តសញ្ញា
polski: Symbol
português: Símbolo
română: Simbol
Runa Simi: Sanancha
русский: Символ
Scots: Seembol
shqip: Simboli
sicilianu: Sìmmulu
Simple English: Symbol
slovenčina: Symbol
slovenščina: Simbol
کوردی: ھێما
српски / srpski: Симбол
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Simbol
suomi: Symboli
svenska: Symbol
Tagalog: Sagisag
татарча/tatarça: Символ
తెలుగు: చిహ్నం
Türkçe: Sembol
українська: Символ
اردو: علامت
Tiếng Việt: Biểu tượng
Winaray: Simbulu
Wolof: Junj
粵語: 符號
中文: 符号