Syllabus of Errors
The Syllabus of Errors (
Reaction from Catholics was mixed, while that from Protestants was uniformly negative. The document remains controversial, and has been cited on numerous occasions by both
The purpose of the Syllabus was not to explain in depth the errors themselves, but only provide a list of them with a short paraphrasing of the error and references to the corresponding papal documents. The actual encyclicals listed reveal what it is about the error that is incorrect, and in which situations or nuances or emphasis. In order to understand the Pope’s argument against each error, one must read not only the error itself, but the document to which it points.
On December 8, 1864, the