Sydney Brenner

Sydney Brenner
EMLederberg GStent SBrenner JLederberg 1965 wiki.jpg
Esther Lederberg, Gunther Stent, Sydney Brenner and Joshua Lederberg pictured in 1965
Born (1927-01-13) 13 January 1927 (age 91)[1]
Germiston, Gauteng, Union of South Africa
NationalitySouth African
Alma mater
Known for
May Brenner (née Covitz) (m. 1952–2010)
(her death)
Scientific career
The physical chemistry of cell processes: a study of bacteriophage resistance in Escherichia coli, strain B (1954)
Doctoral advisorCyril Hinshelwood[9][10]
Doctoral students
InfluencesFred Sanger[13]

Sydney Brenner CH FRS FMedSci MAE (born 13 January 1927) is a South African biologist and a 2002 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate, shared with Bob Horvitz and John Sulston. Brenner made significant contributions to work on the genetic code, and other areas of molecular biology while working in the Medical Research Council (MRC) Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, England. He established the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans as a model organism for the investigation of developmental biology,[2] and founded the Molecular Sciences Institute in Berkeley, California, U.S..[14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21]

Education and early life

Brenner was born in the town of Germiston, Gauteng, South Africa. His parents, Lena (née Blecher) and Morris Brenner, were Jewish immigrants. His father, a cobbler, came to South Africa from Lithuania in 1910, and his mother from Riga, Latvia, in 1922. He has one sibling, a sister, Phyllis.[22][23]

He was educated at Germiston High School[1] and the University of the Witwatersrand. Having joined university at the age of 15, it was noted during his second year that he would be too young to qualify for the practice of medicine at the conclusion of his six-year medical course, and he was therefore allowed to complete a Bachelor of Science degree in Anatomy and Physiology. He stayed on for two more years doing an Honours degree and then an MSc degree, supporting himself by working part-time as a laboratory technician. During this time he was taught by Joel Mandelstam, Raymond Dart and Robert Broom. His master thesis was in the field of cytogenetics. In 1951 he received the MBBCh degree.[22]

Brenner received an 1851 Exhibition Scholarship from the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 which enabled him to complete a Doctor of Philosophy (DPhil)[10] degree at the University of Oxford as a postgraduate student of Exeter College, Oxford supervised by Cyril Hinshelwood.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Sydney Brenner
العربية: سيدني برينر
azərbaycanca: Sidney Brenner
تۆرکجه: سیدنی برنر
български: Сидни Бренър
čeština: Sydney Brenner
español: Sydney Brenner
français: Sydney Brenner
hrvatski: Sydney Brenner
Bahasa Indonesia: Sydney Brenner
italiano: Sydney Brenner
Kiswahili: Sydney Brenner
latviešu: Sidnijs Breners
Bahasa Melayu: Sydney Brenner
Nederlands: Sydney Brenner
پنجابی: سڈنی برینر
Plattdüütsch: Sydney Brenner
português: Sydney Brenner
română: Sydney Brenner
Simple English: Sydney Brenner
slovenščina: Sydney Brenner
Türkçe: Sydney Brenner
українська: Сідні Бреннер
Tiếng Việt: Sydney Brenner
Yorùbá: Sydney Brenner