Swan Canal

Swan Canal
Lebyazhy Canal 01.jpg
Native nameЛебяжья канавка
Location
CountryRussia
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationMoyka River
 ⁃ coordinates59°56′29″N 30°20′10″E / 59°56′29″N 30°20′10″E / 59.94139; 30.33611
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Neva River
 ⁃ coordinates
59°56′49″N 30°19′56″E / 59°56′49″N 30°19′56″E / 59.94694; 30.33222
Length0.648 km (0.403 mi)

The Swan Canal (Russian: Лебяжья канавка) is a waterway located in Saint Petersburg. Dating from the early years of the foundation of the city, it connects the Moyka and Neva Rivers.

Originally built as part of a system of drainage channels and canals, the Swan Canal replaced a shallow river that flowed between the Summer Garden and the area that became known as the Field of Mars. The canal was dug between 1711 and 1719, and was known as the Summer Canal or Summer Garden Canal. In later years it became a popular habitat for swans, from which it eventually took its name. The canal has undergone repairs and reconstruction over its existence, deepening the channel, and replacing wooden banks with granite. Today it is used by small pleasure boats, and is crossed by two bridges, one of which, the Upper Swan Bridge, is one of the city's oldest stone bridges.

Location and characteristics

The Swan Canal is in Dvortsovy Municipal Okrug, part of the Tsentralny District of the city. It connects the Moyka River to the south, carrying water north to the Neva River, into which it empties. It divides the Summer Garden to the east from the Field of Mars to the west. It is 648 m (2,126 ft) long, 8 m (26 ft) wide and 1 m (3.3 ft) deep.[1][2] Two bridges span the canal, the Upper Swan Bridge, at the northern end of the canal at its confluence with the Neva, and the Lower Swan Bridge at the southern end, where it branches from the Moyka.[1][2] Today it is one of the oldest canals in the city, and is used by small pleasure boats.[3][4]

Other Languages
Чӑвашла: Акăш канавĕ
français: Canal des Cygnes