Today's Swabia within modern Germany. Shown in yellow is Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis, situated at the transitional area between the Swabian, Upper Rhenish and Lake Constance dialects within Alemannic. The western part of the Bodenseekreis district is not considered a part of modern Swabia.
The coat of arms of Baden-Württemberg shows the three lions passant of the arms of the Duchy of Swabia, in origin the coat of arms of the House of Hohenstaufen. Also used for Swabia (and for Württemberg-Baden during 1945–1952) are the three antlers of the coat of arms of Württemberg.

Swabia (ə/ SWAY-bee-ə;[1] German: Schwaben [ˈʃvaːbn̩], colloquially Schwabenland or Ländle; archaic English also Suabia or Svebia) is a cultural, historic and linguistic region in southwestern Germany. The name is ultimately derived from the medieval Duchy of Swabia, one of the German stem duchies, representing the territory of Alemannia, whose inhabitants interchangeably were called Alemanni or Suebi.

This territory would include all of the Alemannic German area, but the modern concept of Swabia is more restricted, due to the collapse of the duchy of Swabia in the thirteenth century. Swabia as understood in modern ethnography roughly coincides with the Swabian Circle of the Holy Roman Empire as it stood during the Early Modern period, now divided between the states of Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg.

Swabians (Schwaben, singular Schwabe) are the natives of Swabia and speakers of Swabian German. Their number was estimated at close to 0.8 million by SIL Ethnologue as of 2006, compared to a total population of 7.5 million in the regions of Tübingen, Stuttgart and Bavarian Swabia.


Like many cultural regions of Europe, Swabia's borders are not clearly defined. However, today it is normally thought of as comprising the former Swabian Circle, or equivalently the former state of Württemberg (with the Prussian Hohenzollern Province), or the modern districts of Tübingen (excluding the former Baden regions of the Bodenseekreis district), Stuttgart, and the administrative region of Bavarian Swabia.

In the Middle Ages, the term Swabia indicated a larger area, covering all the lands associated with the Frankish stem duchy of Alamannia stretching from the Vosges Mountains in the west to the broad Lech river in the east: This also included the region of Alsace and the later Margraviate of Baden on both sides of the Upper Rhine Valley, as well as modern German-speaking Switzerland, the Austrian state of Vorarlberg and the principality of Liechtenstein in the south.[citation needed]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Schwaben
Ænglisc: Swǣfe
العربية: شوابيا
aragonés: Suebia
asturianu: Suabia
беларуская: Швабія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Швабія
български: Швабия
Boarisch: Schwobm
bosanski: Švabija
brezhoneg: Swabia
català: Suàbia
čeština: Švábsko
Cymraeg: Swabia
dansk: Schwaben
Deutsch: Schwaben
eesti: Švaabimaa
Ελληνικά: Σουηβία
español: Suabia
Esperanto: Ŝvaboj
فارسی: شوابن
français: Souabe
galego: Suabia
한국어: 슈바벤
हिन्दी: स्वाबिया
hrvatski: Švapska
Bahasa Indonesia: Schwaben
íslenska: Sváfaland
italiano: Svevia
עברית: שוואביה
ქართული: შვაბია
Latina: Suebia
latviešu: Švābija
lietuvių: Švabija
magyar: Svábföld
македонски: Швабија
Nederlands: Zwaben (streek)
norsk: Schwaben
norsk nynorsk: Schwaben
occitan: Soabia
polski: Szwabia
português: Suábia
română: Suabia
русский: Швабия
Scots: Swabie
shqip: Schwaben
sicilianu: Svevia
slovenčina: Švábsko
slovenščina: Švabska
српски / srpski: Швабија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Švapska
suomi: Svaabia
svenska: Schwaben
தமிழ்: சுவாபியா
Türkçe: Svabya
українська: Швабія
中文: 施瓦本