Suvorov Monument (Saint Petersburg)

Suvorov Monument
Памятник Суворову
Памятник Суворову02.jpg
Suvorov Monument, Suvorov Square
Coordinates59°56′45″N 30°19′47″E / 59°56′45″N 30°19′47″E / 59.94583; 30.32972
LocationSaint Petersburg
DesignerMikhail Kozlovsky
TypeSculpture
MaterialBronze (statue)
Granite (pedestal)
Height3.37 metres (11.1 ft) (statue)
4.05 metres (13.3 ft) (pedestal)
Beginning date1799
Completion date1801
Opening date1801
Dedicated toAlexander Suvorov

The Suvorov Monument (Russian: Памятник Суворову) is a bronze sculpture of Generalissimo Alexander Suvorov located in Saint Petersburg. It is at the centre of Suvorov Square, opposite the Field of Mars and the Trinity Bridge, and between the Marble Palace and the Saltykov Mansion.

Commissioned in 1799 by Emperor Paul I to commemorate Suvorov's Italian expedition that year, the execution was entrusted to sculptor Mikhail Kozlovsky. His design was approved in early 1800, and depicted Suvorov in the allegorical guise of the god Mars. The sculpture was cast in bronze, but neither Paul nor Suvorov lived to see its unveiling, which took place in May 1801. The monument marked a number of firsts, it was the first monument in Russia to someone other than a member of the Imperial family, and the first time that a monument had been ordered during the subject's lifetime. It was also first major monument created entirely by Russian craftsmen.

The monument was originally planned to be located in Gatchina, though the site was changed to the Tsaritsyn Meadows, later the Field of Mars. It was unveiled in the presence of Emperor Alexander I, many of his generals, and Suvorov's son Arkadi. The monument was moved to its present location in 1818 as part of a general reconstruction of the area by architect Carlo Rossi. It now stands at the centre of Suvorov Square. Its pedestal was replaced in the 1830s, and it survived the siege of Leningrad undamaged.

Commission

The monument was developed by order of Emperor Paul I, to commemorate Suvorov's 1799 Italian expedition, for which he received the victory title of "Prince of Italy".[1] The granite pedestal bears the inscription: "The Prince of Italy, Count Suvorov-Rymniki. 1801."[2][3]