Surrey

Surrey
County
Surrey.svgSurrey shield.svg
FlagCoat of arms
Surrey UK locator map 2010.svg
Coordinates: 51°15′N 0°25′W / 51°15′N 0°25′W / 51.250; -0.417England
RegionSouth East
Establishedbefore 1066
Ceremonial county
Lord LieutenantMichael More-Molyneux
High SheriffWilliam James Glover [1] (2018-19)
Area1,663 km2 (642 sq mi)
 • Ranked35th of 48
Population (mid-2017 est.)1,185,300
 • Ranked12th of 48
Density712/km2 (1,840/sq mi)
Non-metropolitan county
County councilSurrey County Council
ExecutiveConservative
Admin HQKingston upon Thames (Extra-territorially)
Area1,663 km2 (642 sq mi)
 • Ranked25th of 27
Population1,185,300
 • Ranked5th of 27
Density712/km2 (1,840/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2GB-SRY
ONS code43
GSS codeE10000030
www.surreycc.gov.uk
Surrey numbered districts.svg
Districts of Surrey
Unitary County council area
Districts
  1. Spelthorne
  2. Runnymede
  3. Surrey Heath
  4. Woking
  5. Elmbridge
  6. Guildford
  7. Waverley
  8. Mole Valley
  9. Epsom and Ewell
  10. Reigate and Banstead
  11. Tandridge
Members of ParliamentList of MPs
PoliceSurrey PoliceMetropolitan Police (Kingston)
Time zoneGreenwich Mean Time (UTC)
 • Summer (DST)British Summer Time (UTC+1)

Surrey (i/ SURR-ee)[2] is a county in South East England, and one of the home counties. It borders Kent to the east, both East & West Sussex to the south, Hampshire to the west, Berkshire to the northwest and Greater London to the northeast.

The county town is popularly considered to be Guildford although Surrey County Council is based in Kingston upon Thames, which since 1965 has been a part of Greater London. With a population of 1.1 million, Surrey is the third-most-populous county in the South East.

Surrey is divided into eleven districts: Elmbridge, Epsom and Ewell, Guildford, Mole Valley, Reigate and Banstead, Runnymede, Spelthorne, Surrey Heath, Tandridge, Waverley, and Woking. Services such as roads, mineral extraction licensing, education, strategic waste and recycling infrastructure, birth, marriage, and death registration, and social and children's services are administered by Surrey County Council.

The London boroughs of Lambeth, Southwark, Wandsworth, and small parts of Lewisham and Bromley were in Surrey until 1889; as were those of Croydon, Kingston upon Thames, Merton, Sutton and the part of Richmond upon Thames on the right bank of the River Thames until 1965, when they too were absorbed into Greater London, and the county extended north of the Thames by the addition of Spelthorne, as a result of the dissolution of Middlesex. Since the 1965 reform the bordering boroughs of the capital have been those taken from it in 1965 (except for Merton) plus Bromley, Hillingdon and Hounslow.

The form of Surrey which remains since 1965 is a wealthy county due to economic, aesthetic, conservation and logistical factors. It has the highest GDP per capita of any English county, some of the highest property values outside Inner London and also the highest cost of living in the UK outside of the capital.

It has large protected green spaces (such as the North Downs, Greensand Ridge and related Surrey Hills AONB and royal landscapes adjoin it — Windsor Great Park and Bushy Park near to its interior reach of the River Thames). It has four racecourses in horse racing, the most of any Home County and as at 2013 contained 141 golf courses including international competition venue Wentworth. Surrey has proximity to London and to Heathrow and Gatwick airports, along with access to major arterial road routes including the M25, M3 and M23 and frequent rail services into Central London.

Geography

Surrey is divided in two by the chalk ridge of the North Downs, running east-west. The ridge is pierced by the rivers Wey and Mole, tributaries of the Thames, which formed the northern border of the county before modern redrawing of county boundaries, which has left part of its north bank within the county.[3] To the north of the Downs the land is mostly flat, forming part of the basin of the Thames.[3] The geology of this area is dominated by London Clay in the east, Bagshot Sands in the west and alluvial deposits along the rivers. To the south of the Downs in the western part of the county are the sandstone Surrey Hills, while further east is the plain of the Low Weald, rising in the extreme southeast to the edge of the hills of the High Weald.[3] The Downs and the area to the south form part of a concentric pattern of geological deposits which also extends across southern Kent and most of Sussex, predominantly composed of Wealden Clay, Lower Greensand and the chalk of the Downs.[3]

Much of Surrey is in the Metropolitan Green Belt. It contains valued reserves of mature woodland (reflected in the official logo of Surrey County Council, a pair of interlocking oak leaves). Among its many notable beauty spots are Box Hill, Leith Hill, Frensham Ponds, Newlands Corner and Puttenham & Crooksbury Commons.[3]

Surrey is the most wooded county in England, with 22.4% coverage compared to a national average of 11.8%[4] and as such is one of the few counties not to recommend new woodlands in the subordinate planning authorities' plans. Box Hill has the oldest untouched area of natural woodland in the UK, one of the oldest in Europe. Surrey also contains England's principal concentration of lowland heath, on sandy soils in the west of the county.

Agriculture not being intensive, there are many commons and access lands, together with an extensive network of footpaths and bridleways including the North Downs Way, a scenic long-distance path. Accordingly, Surrey provides many rural and semi-rural leisure activities, with a large horse population in modern terms.

The highest elevation in Surrey is Leith Hill near Dorking. It is 294 m (965 ft)[5] above sea level and is the second highest point in southeastern England after Walbury Hill in West Berkshire which is 297 m (974 ft) .

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Surrey
Alemannisch: Surrey
Ænglisc: Sūþrīge
العربية: سري (مقاطعة)
asturianu: Surrey
azərbaycanca: Surrey
Bân-lâm-gú: Surrey
български: Съри
brezhoneg: Surrey
català: Surrey
čeština: Surrey
Cymraeg: Surrey
dansk: Surrey
Deutsch: Surrey
eesti: Surrey
Ελληνικά: Σάρρεϋ
español: Surrey
Esperanto: Surrey
euskara: Surrey
français: Surrey (comté)
Frysk: Surrey
Gaeilge: Surrey
Gaelg: Surrey
galego: Surrey
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Surrey
한국어: 서리주
हिन्दी: सरी
Ido: Surrey
Bahasa Indonesia: Surrey
interlingua: Surrey
íslenska: Surrey
italiano: Surrey
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಸರ್ರೆ
қазақша: Суррей
kernowek: Surrey
Latina: Surria
latviešu: Sareja
Lëtzebuergesch: Grofschaft Surrey
lietuvių: Surėjus
magyar: Surrey
मराठी: सरे
Bahasa Melayu: Surrey
Nordfriisk: Surrey
norsk: Surrey
norsk nynorsk: Surrey
پنجابی: سرے
polski: Surrey
português: Surrey
română: Surrey
русский: Суррей
Scots: Surrey
sicilianu: Surrey
Simple English: Surrey
slovenčina: Surrey (Anglicko)
slovenščina: Surrey
српски / srpski: Сари (грофовија)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Surrey
suomi: Surrey
svenska: Surrey
Türkçe: Surrey
українська: Суррей
اردو: سرئے
Tiếng Việt: Surrey
Volapük: Surrey
Winaray: Surrey
ייִדיש: סארי
Yorùbá: Surrey
粵語: 舒梨郡
中文: 薩里郡