Sunni Islam

Sunni Islam (i/) is the largest denomination of Islam. Its name comes from the word Sunnah, referring to the exemplary behaviour of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.[1] The differences between Sunni and Shia Muslims arose from a disagreement over the choice of Muhammad's successor and subsequently acquired broader political significance, as well as theological and juridical dimensions.[2]

According to Sunni traditions, Muhammad did not clearly designate a successor and the Muslim community acted according to his sunnah in electing his father-in-law Abu Bakr as the first caliph.[3][2] This contrasts with the Shi'a view, which holds that Muhammad announced at the event of Ghadir Khumm his son-in-law and cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor.[4][5][6][7][8] Unlike the first three caliphs, Ali was from the same clan as Muhammad, Banu Hashim, and Shia Muslims consider him legitimate, inter alia, by favour of his blood ties to Muhammad, too.[9][10] Political tensions between Sunnis and Shias continued with varying intensity throughout Islamic history and they have been exacerbated in recent times by ethnic conflicts and the rise of Wahhabism.[2]

As of 2009, Sunni Muslims constituted 87–90% of the world's Muslim population.[11] Sunni Islam is the world's largest religious denomination, followed by Catholicism.[12] Its adherents are referred to in Arabic as ahl as-sunnah wa l-jamāʻah ("the people of the sunnah and the community") or ahl as-sunnah for short.[13][14] In English, its doctrines and practices are sometimes called Sunnism,[15] while adherents are known as Sunni Muslims, Sunnis, Sunnites and Ahlus Sunnah. Sunni Islam is sometimes referred to as "orthodox Islam".[16][17][18] However, other scholars of Islam, such as John Burton believe that there's no such thing as "orthodox Islam".[19]

The Quran, together with hadith (especially those collected in Kutub al-Sittah) and binding juristic consensus form the basis of all traditional jurisprudence within Sunni Islam. Sharia rulings are derived from these basic sources, in conjunction with analogical reasoning, consideration of public welfare and juristic discretion, using the principles of jurisprudence developed by the traditional legal schools.

In matters of creed, the Sunni tradition upholds the six pillars of iman (faith) and comprises the Ash'ari and Maturidi schools of rationalistic theology as well as the textualist school known as traditionalist theology.

Terminology

Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Mosque in Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Sunnī (Classical Arabic: سُنِّي /ˈsunniː/), also commonly referred to as Sunnīism, is a term derived from sunnah (سُنَّة /ˈsunna/, plural سُنَن sunan /ˈsunan/) meaning "habit", "usual practice",[20] "custom", "tradition". The Muslim use of this term refers to the sayings and living habits of the prophet Muhammad. In Arabic, this branch of Islam is referred to as ahl as-sunnah wa l-jamāʻah (Arabic: أهل السنة والجماعة‎), "the people of the sunnah and the community", which is commonly shortened to ahl as-sunnah (Arabic أهل السنة).[13][14]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Sunnitischer Islam
asturianu: Sunismu
авар: Суниял
azərbaycanca: Sünnilər
تۆرکجه: سونیلر
Bân-lâm-gú: Sunni
беларуская: Суніты
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Суніты
български: Сунити
bosanski: Sunitski islam
brezhoneg: Islam sunnit
català: Sunnisme
Cymraeg: Sunni
dansk: Sunnisme
Deutsch: Sunniten
ދިވެހިބަސް: ސުއްނީ މުސްލިމުން
eesti: Sunniidid
Ελληνικά: Σουνίτες
español: Sunismo
Esperanto: Sunaismo
euskara: Sunismo
فارسی: سنی
føroyskt: Sunni Islam
français: Sunnisme
Frysk: Soennisme
Gaeilge: Sunnaíoch
galego: Sunnismo
한국어: 수니파
Hausa: Sunnah
Հայերեն: Սուննի իսլամ
hrvatski: Sunizam
Bahasa Indonesia: Sunni
íslenska: Súnní
italiano: Sunnismo
Basa Jawa: Sunni
ქართული: სუნიზმი
қазақша: Әһл әс-Сунна
Kiswahili: Wasunni
kurdî: Sunîtî
Кыргызча: Сүннөттөр
лезги: Сунияр
latviešu: Sunnītu islāms
lietuvių: Sunizmas
മലയാളം: സുന്നി
Bahasa Melayu: Ahli Sunah Waljamaah
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဆွန်နီမူဆလင်
Nederlands: Soennisme
日本語: スンナ派
нохчийн: Суннийш
norsk: Sunniislam
norsk nynorsk: Sunniislam
occitan: Sunisme
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ahl as-Sunna val-Jamoa
پنجابی: سنی اسلام
polski: Sunnizm
português: Sunismo
română: Islamul sunit
русский: Сунниты
shqip: Synitët
Simple English: Sunni Islam
سنڌي: سني
slovenčina: Sunnitský islam
Soomaaliga: Sunni
کوردی: سوننە
српски / srpski: Сунизам
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sunizam
svenska: Sunni
Tagalog: Sunismo
татарча/tatarça: Сөнничелек
ไทย: ซุนนี
тоҷикӣ: Суннӣ
Türkçe: Sünnilik
українська: Сунізм
اردو: اہل سنت
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئەھلى سۇننە ۋەلجامائە
Tiếng Việt: Hồi giáo Sunni
walon: Sunite
文言: 遜尼派
Winaray: Sunni Islam
吴语: 逊尼派
ייִדיש: סוניס
Yorùbá: Sunni
粵語: 遜尼派
Zazaki: Sunni
中文: 遜尼派