Sunday

Sol Iustitiae (Sun of Righteousness), derived from the Judeo-Christian Bible, Malachi 4:2. By Albrecht Dürer, circa 1499/1500

Sunday is the day of the week between Saturday and Monday. Sunday is a day of rest in most Western countries, as a part of the weekend and weeknight.

For most observant Christians, Sunday is observed as a day of worship and rest, holding it as the Lord's Day and the day of Christ's resurrection. In some Muslim countries and Israel, Sunday is the first work day of the week. According to the Hebrew calendar and traditional Christian calendars, Sunday is the first day of the week.[1] But according to the International Organization for Standardization ISO 8601, Sunday is the seventh day of the week.[2]

Etymology

A depiction of Máni, the personified Moon, and his sister Sól, the personified Sun, from Norse mythology (1895) by Lorenz Frølich.
Sunday is named after the Sun

The name "Sunday", the day of the Sun, is derived from Hellenistic astrology, where the seven planets, known in English as Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, the Sun, Venus, Mercury and the Moon, each had an hour of the day assigned to them, and the planet which was regent during the first hour of any day of the week gave its name to that day. During the 1st and 2nd century, the week of seven days was introduced into Rome from Egypt, and the Roman names of the planets were given to each successive day.

Germanic peoples seem to have adopted the week as a division of time from the Romans, but they changed the Roman names into those of corresponding Teutonic deities. Hence, the dies Solis became Sunday (German, Sonntag).

The English noun Sunday derived sometime before 1250 from sunedai, which itself developed from Old English (before 700) Sunnandæg (literally meaning "sun's day"), which is cognate to other Germanic languages, including Old Frisian sunnandei, Old Saxon sunnundag, Middle Dutch sonnendach (modern Dutch zondag), Old High German sunnun tag (modern German Sonntag), and Old Norse sunnudagr (Danish and Norwegian søndag, Icelandic sunnudagur and Swedish söndag). The Germanic term is a Germanic interpretation of Latin dies solis ("day of the sun"), which is a translation of the Ancient Greek heméra helíou.[3] The p-Celtic Welsh language also translates the Latin "day of the sun" as dydd Sul.

In most Indian languages, the word for Sunday is Ravivāra or Adityavāra or its derived forms — vāra meaning day, Aditya and Ravi both being a style (manner of address) for Surya i.e. the Sun and Suryadeva the chief solar deity and one of the Adityas. Ravivāra is first day cited in Jyotisha, which provides logical reason for giving the name of each week day. In the Thai solar calendar of Thailand, the name ("Waan Arthit") is derived from Aditya, and the associated colour is red.

In Russian the word for Sunday is Воскресенье (Voskreseniye) meaning "Resurrection".[4] In other Slavic languages the word means "no work", for example Polish: Niedziela, Ukrainian: Недiля, Belorussian: Нядзеля, Croatian: nedjelja, Serbian and Slovenian: Nedelja, Czech: Neděle, and Bulgarian: Неделя.

The Modern Greek word for Sunday, Greek: Κυριακή, is derived from Greek: Κύριος (Kyrios, Lord) also, due to its liturgical significance as the day commemorating the resurrection of Jesus Christ, i.e. The Lord's Day.

In Korean, Sunday is called 일요일 Il-yo-Il, meaning "day of sun".

Other Languages
адыгабзэ: Тхьаумафэ
Afrikaans: Sondag
Alemannisch: Sonntag
አማርኛ: እሑድ
Ænglisc: Sunnandæg
Аҧсшәа: Амҽыша
العربية: الأحد (يوم)
aragonés: Domingo
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܚܕܒܫܒܐ
armãneashti: Dumânicâ
arpetan: Demenge
asturianu: Domingu
Avañe'ẽ: Arateĩ
تۆرکجه: سودگونو
বাংলা: রবিবার
Bahasa Banjar: Ahad
Bân-lâm-gú: Lé-pài-ji̍t
башҡортса: Йәкшәмбе
беларуская: Нядзеля
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нядзеля
भोजपुरी: अतवार
Bikol Central: Domingo
български: Неделя
བོད་ཡིག: གཟའ་ཉི་མ།
bosanski: Nedjelja
brezhoneg: Sul (deiz)
català: Diumenge
Чӑвашла: Вырсарникун
Cebuano: Dominggo
čeština: Neděle
Chamoru: Damenggo
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Domingo
Chi-Chewa: Lamulungu
chiShona: Svondo (musi)
corsu: Dumenica
Cymraeg: Dydd Sul
dansk: Søndag
davvisámegiella: Sotnabeaivi
Deitsch: Sunndaag
Deutsch: Sonntag
ދިވެހިބަސް: އާދިއްތަ ދުވަސް
dolnoserbski: Njeźela
डोटेली: आइतवार
eesti: Pühapäev
Ελληνικά: Κυριακή
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Dumènica
эрзянь: Таргочи
español: Domingo
Esperanto: Dimanĉo
estremeñu: Domingu
euskara: Igande
eʋegbe: Kɔsiɖagbe
فارسی: یکشنبه
føroyskt: Sunnudagur
français: Dimanche
Frysk: Snein
furlan: Domenie
Gaeilge: An Domhnach
Gaelg: Jedoonee
Gagauz: Pazar
Gàidhlig: Di-Dòmhnaich
galego: Domingo
ГӀалгӀай: КӀиранди
贛語: 禮拜天
گیلکی: ىکشمبه
ગુજરાતી: રવિવાર
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Aitar
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Lî-pai-ngit
хальмг: Нарн өдр
한국어: 일요일
Hausa: Lahadi
Hawaiʻi: Pōpule
հայերեն: Կիրակի
हिन्दी: रविवार
hornjoserbsce: Njedźela
hrvatski: Nedjelja
Ido: Sundio
Ilokano: Domingo
Bahasa Indonesia: Minggu
interlingua: Dominica
íslenska: Sunnudagur
italiano: Domenica
עברית: יום ראשון
Jawa: Minggu
Kabɩyɛ: Kujuka wiye
kalaallisut: Sapaat
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಭಾನುವಾರ
къарачай-малкъар: Ыйых кюн
ქართული: კვირა
kaszëbsczi: Niedzela
қазақша: Жексенбі
kernowek: Dy' Sul
Kinyarwanda: Ku cyumweru
Kiswahili: Jumapili
коми: Вежалун
Kreyòl ayisyen: Dimanch
kurdî: Yekşem
Кыргызча: Жекшемби
Ladino: Aljhad
лакку: АлхӀат
Latina: Dies solis
latviešu: Svētdiena
Lëtzebuergesch: Sonndeg
лезги: Гьяд
lietuvių: Sekmadienis
Limburgs: Zoondag
Livvinkarjala: Pyhäpäivy
lumbaart: Dümìnica
magyar: Vasárnap
македонски: Недела
Malagasy: Alahady
മലയാളം: ഞായർ (ദിവസം)
मराठी: रविवार
მარგალური: ჟაშხა
مصرى: يوم الحد
مازِرونی: یه‌شه‌مبه
Bahasa Melayu: Ahad
Minangkabau: Akaik
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Lā̤-bái-nĭk
Mirandés: Demingo
мокшень: Таргоши
монгол: Ням гараг
မြန်မာဘာသာ: တနင်္ဂနွေ
Nāhuatl: Tōnatiuhtōnal
Nederlands: Zondag
Nedersaksies: Zundag
नेपाली: आइतवार
नेपाल भाषा: आइतबाः
日本語: 日曜日
Napulitano: Dummeneca
нохчийн: КӀиран де
norsk: Søndag
norsk nynorsk: Sundag
Nouormand: Dînmanche
Novial: Sundijo
occitan: Dimenge
олык марий: Рушарня
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ରବିବାର
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Yakshanba
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਐਤਵਾਰ
پنجابی: اتوار
پښتو: يونۍ
Перем Коми: Кресення
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ថ្ងៃអាទិត្យ
Tok Pisin: Sande
Plattdüütsch: Sünndag
polski: Niedziela
Ποντιακά: Κερεκήν
português: Domingo
Ripoarisch: Sonndaach
română: Duminică
Runa Simi: Intichaw
русиньскый: Недїля
русский: Воскресенье
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱥᱤᱸᱜᱮ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱸ
Gagana Samoa: Aso Sa
संस्कृतम्: रविवासरः
sardu: Domìniga
Scots: Sunday
Sesotho sa Leboa: Sontaga
shqip: E diela
sicilianu: Dumìnica
සිංහල: ඉරිදා
Simple English: Sunday
سنڌي: آچر
slovenčina: Nedeľa
slovenščina: Nedelja
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Нєдѣлꙗ
ślůnski: Ńydźela
Soomaaliga: Axad
کوردی: یەکشەممە
српски / srpski: Недеља
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nedjelja
Basa Sunda: Minggu
suomi: Sunnuntai
svenska: Söndag
Tagalog: Linggo (araw)
Taqbaylit: Acer
tarandíne: Dumèneche
татарча/tatarça: Якшәмбе
తెలుగు: ఆదివారము
ትግርኛ: ሰንበት
тоҷикӣ: Якшанбе
Türkçe: Pazar
Türkmençe: Ýekşenbe
тыва дыл: Улуг-хүн
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: ᨕᨛᨔᨚ ᨕᨖᨕᨗ
українська: Неділя
اردو: اتوار
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: يەكشەنبە
Vahcuengh: Ngoenzsinghgiz
vèneto: Doménega
vepsän kel’: Pühäpäiv
Tiếng Việt: Chủ nhật
Volapük: Sudel
walon: Dimegne
West-Vlams: Zundag
Winaray: Dominggo
Wolof: Dibéer
吴语: 礼拜天
ייִדיש: זונטיק
粵語: 星期日
Zazaki: Kırê
žemaitėška: Nedielės dėina
中文: 星期日