|Sun Myung Moon
25 February 1920
North Pyongan, North Korea)
||3 September 2012
||Religious leader, businessperson,
media mogul, political activist
||Choi Sun-kil (1944–1953)
Hak Ja Han (1960–2012)
Sun Myung Moon (
Korean 문선명 Mun Seon-myeong; born Mun Yong-myeong; 25 February 1920 – 3 September 2012) was a
Korean religious leader, also known for his business ventures and support of social and political causes.
messiah claimant, he was the founder of the
Unification Church (members of which considered him and his wife
Hak Ja Han to be their "
 and of its widely noted
mass wedding ceremony, and the author of its unique theology the
 He was an ardent
anti-communist and advocate for
Korean reunification, for which he was recognized by the governments of both South and North Korea.
 Businesses he promoted included
News World Communications, an international
corporation known for its American subsidiary
The Washington Times,
Tongil Group, a
South Korean business group (
 as well as various
Moon was born in what is now
North Korea. When he was a child, his family converted to
 In 1947 he was convicted by the North Korean government of spying for South Korea and given a five-year sentence to the
 In 1954, he founded the Unification Church in
Seoul, South Korea based on conservative, family-oriented teachings from new interpretations of the
 In 1971, he moved to the United States
 and became well-known after giving a series of public speeches on his beliefs.
 In the 1982 case
United States v. Sun Myung Moon he was found guilty of willfully filing false federal
income tax returns and sentenced to 18 months in federal prison. His case generated protests from clergy and civil libertarians, who said that the trial was biased against him.
Critics labeled Moon a leader who made high demands on his followers.
 His wedding ceremonies also drew criticism, especially after they involved members of other churches, including
Roman Catholic archbishop
 He was also criticized for his relationships with political and religious figures, including
Presidents of the United States
George H. W. Bush and
George W. Bush, Soviet President
 North Korean President
Kim Il Sung,
Nation of Islam leader