Climbers from the Dominican Republic on the world's highest summit, Mount Everest.
View from the summit of Switzerland's highest, Monte Rosa

A summit is a point on a surface that is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. The topographic terms acme, apex, peak (mountain peak), and zenith are synonymous.

The term top (mountain top) is generally used only for a mountain peak that is located at some distance from the nearest point of higher elevation. For example, a big massive rock then to the main summit of a mountain is not considered a summit. Summits near a higher peak, with some prominence or isolation, but not reaching a certain cutoff value for the quantities, are often considered subsummits (or subpeaks) of the higher peak, and are considered part of the same mountain. A pyramidal peak is an exaggerated form produced by ice erosion of a mountain top. Summit may also refer to the highest point along a line, trail, or route.

The highest summit in the world is Mount Everest with a height of 8844.43 m above sea level (29,029 ft). The first official ascent was made by Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary. They reached the mountain's peak in 1953.[1][2]

Whether a highest point is classified as a summit, a sub peak or a separate mountain is subjective. The UIAA definition of a peak is that it has a prominence of 30 metres (98 ft) or more; it is a mountain summit if it has a prominence of at least 300 metres (980 ft). Otherwise, it's a subpeak.

Siskiyou Mountain Summit sign along Interstate 5, marking the highest point along the highway at 4,310 ft (1,310 m)

In many parts of the western United States, the term summit refers to the highest point along a road, highway, or railroad. For example, the highest point along Interstate 80 in California is referred to as Donner Summit and the highest point on Interstate 5 is Siskiyou Mountain Summit.


The summit of Mount Damavand, Iran
Doso Doyabi, one of the highest peaks entirely within Nevada, United States
Mount Elbrus and its two peaks (Caucasus, Russia)
Other Languages
العربية: قمة جبل
aragonés: Cima
azərbaycanca: Zirvə
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Вяршыня мясцовасьці
भोजपुरी: चोटी (थलरूप)
български: Връх
brezhoneg: Kern (menez)
Deutsch: Berggipfel
eesti: Mäetipp
Esperanto: Montopinto
فارسی: قله
galego: Cumio
한국어: 산꼭대기
Ido: Somito
italiano: Vetta
עברית: פסגה
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಶಿಖರ
ქართული: მწვერვალი
қазақша: Шың
kurdî: Bandev
lumbaart: Scima
magyar: Hegy
македонски: Врв (топографија)
മലയാളം: കൊടുമുടി
मराठी: शिखर
მარგალური: კონკა
Bahasa Melayu: Puncak (topografi)
Nederlands: Top (berg)
日本語: 頂上
português: Cume
română: Vârf de munte
Scots: Summit
sicilianu: Cima
Simple English: Summit
slovenčina: Vrchol vrchu
српски / srpski: Планински врх
தமிழ்: மலை முகடு
Türkçe: Zirve
vèneto: Sima
Tiếng Việt: Đỉnh
Zazaki: Gıl
中文: 顶峰