Sulaymaniyah city montage
|Autonomous region|| |
|• Governor||Haval Abubakir |
|Elevation||882 m (2,895 ft)|
| • Summer (||not observed|
The modern city of Sulaymaniyah was founded on 14 November 1784 by the Kurdish prince Ibrahim Pasha Baban who named it after his father Sulaiman Pasha.
The city is knowns as the capital of enlightenment among the Kurds, but the official nickname of the city on national level is: Sulaimaniyah is the Paris of Iraq or the bride of Iraq´s cities.
Most of the population speak Kurdish in daily life, but the people are also able to speak and understand Arabic. Farsi is also understood and spoken by the majority of the people for cultural and historical reasons.
The region of Sulaymaniyah was known as Zamwa prior to the foundation of the modern city in 1784. The capital of the
Being of strategic importance and lying deep inside Safavid territory, there was concern that Qelaçiwalan would be attacked and captured if the
Ibrahim Pasha of Baban became ruler of the Emirate and began the construction of a new city which would become the capital of the Baban Emirate. In 1784 he finished erecting a number of palaces for trade called Qeyserîs and bazaars, which were also used as baths, and began inviting people from the surrounding villages and Emirates to move to the newly established city. Soon Melkendî, which was originally intended to be the city itself, instead became one of its quarters and still is today. The new city of Sulaymaniyah was named after
Sulaiman Baba who was the first
In the early 1800s refugees from