Subliminal stimuli (/) (the prefix sup- literally "below, or less than", while the prefix sub- literally "up to"),
 contrary to
stimuli or "above threshold", are any sensory stimuli below an individual's
threshold for conscious
 A recent review of functional magnetic resonance imaging (
fMRI) studies shows that subliminal stimuli activate specific regions of the brain despite participants being unaware.
 Visual stimuli may be quickly flashed before an individual can process them, or flashed and then masked, thereby interrupting the processing. Audio stimuli may be played below audible volumes or masked by other stimuli.