Stuttgart

Stuttgart
Clockwise from top left: Staatstheater, Cannstatter Volksfest in Bad Cannstatt, fountain at Schlossplatz, Fruchtkasten façade and the statue of Friedrich Schiller at Schillerplatz, New Palace, and Old Castle at Schillerplatz
Clockwise from top left: Staatstheater, Cannstatter Volksfest in Bad Cannstatt, fountain at Schlossplatz, Fruchtkasten façade and the statue of Friedrich Schiller at Schillerplatz, New Palace, and Old Castle at Schillerplatz
Flag of Stuttgart
Flag
Coat of arms of Stuttgart
Coat of arms
Location within Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg S.svg
Stuttgart is located in Germany
Stuttgart
Stuttgart
Stuttgart is located in Baden-Württemberg
Stuttgart
Stuttgart
Coordinates: 48°47′N 9°11′E / 48°47′N 9°11′E / 48.783; 9.183 Edit this at Wikidata
Schlossplatz, morning
Stuttgart's hilly cityscape from atop the Karlshöhe

Stuttgart (t/ SHTUUT-gart, also US: t-/ STU(U)T-;[4][5][6] German: [ˈʃtʊtɡaʁt] (About this soundlisten); Swabian: Schduagert [ˈʒ̊d̥ua̯ɡ̊ɛʕd̥]; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Stuttgart is located on the Neckar river in a fertile valley known locally as the "Stuttgart Cauldron". It lies an hour from the Swabian Jura and the Black Forest. Its urban area has a population of 634,830,[7] making it the sixth largest city in Germany.[8] 2.8 million people live in the city's administrative region[2] and 5.3 million people in its metropolitan area,[1] making it the fourth largest metropolitan area in Germany. The city and metropolitan area are consistently ranked among the top 20 European metropolitan areas by GDP; Mercer listed Stuttgart as 21st on its 2015 list of cities by quality of living,[a][9] innovation agency 2thinknow ranked the city 24th globally out of 442 cities[10][b] and the Globalization and World Cities Research Network ranked the city as a Beta-status world city in their 2014 survey.[11]

Since the 6th millennium BC, the Stuttgart area has been an important agricultural area and has been host to a number of cultures seeking to utilize the rich soil of the Neckar valley. The Roman Empire conquered the area in 83 AD and built a massive castrum near Bad Cannstatt, making it the most important regional centre for several centuries. Stuttgart's roots were truly laid in the 10th century with its founding by Liudolf, Duke of Swabia, as a stud farm for his warhorses. Initially overshadowed by nearby Cannstatt, the town grew steadily and was granted a charter in 1320. The fortunes of Stuttgart turned with those of the House of Württemberg, and they made it the capital of their county, duchy, and kingdom from the 15th century to 1918. Stuttgart prospered despite setbacks in the Thirty Years' War and devastating air raids by the Allies on the city and its automobile production during World War II. However, by 1952, the city had bounced back and it became the major economic, industrial, tourism and publishing centre it is today.[12]

Stuttgart is also a transport junction, and possesses the sixth-largest airport in Germany. Several major companies are headquartered in Stuttgart, including Porsche,[13] Bosch,[14] Mercedes-Benz,[15] Daimler AG,[16] and Dinkelacker.[17]

Stuttgart is unusual in the scheme of German cities.[18] It is spread across a variety of hills (some of them covered in vineyards),[19] valleys (especially around the Neckar river and the Stuttgart basin) and parks. This often surprises visitors who associate the city with its reputation as the "cradle of the automobile".[20][21] The city's tourism slogan is "Stuttgart offers more".[22] Under current plans to improve transport links to the international infrastructure (as part of the Stuttgart 21 project), the city unveiled a new logo and slogan in March 2008 describing itself as "Das neue Herz Europas" ("The new Heart of Europe").[23] For business, it describes itself as "Where business meets the future". In July 2010, Stuttgart unveiled a new city logo, designed to entice more business people to stay in the city and enjoy breaks in the area.[24]

Stuttgart is a city with a high number of immigrants. According to Dorling Kindersley's Eyewitness Travel Guide to Germany, "In the city of Stuttgart, every third inhabitant is a foreigner."[25] 40% of Stuttgart's residents, and 64% of the population below the age of five, are of immigrant background.[26]

Name

Stuttgart, often nicknamed the "Schwabenmetropole" (English: Swabian metropolis) in reference to its location in the centre of Swabia and the local dialect spoken by the native Swabians, has its etymological roots in the Old High German word Stuotgarten,[27] or "stud farm",[28] because the city was founded in 950 AD by Duke Liudolf of Swabia to breed warhorses.[29]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Stuttgart
Alemannisch: Stuttgart
አማርኛ: ሽቱትጋርት
العربية: شتوتغارت
aragonés: Stuttgart
asturianu: Stuttgart
Aymar aru: Stuttgart
azərbaycanca: Ştutqart
تۆرکجه: اشتوتقارت
Bân-lâm-gú: Stuttgart
беларуская: Штутгарт
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Штутгарт
български: Щутгарт
Boarisch: Stuagart
bosanski: Stuttgart
brezhoneg: Stuttgart
català: Stuttgart
čeština: Stuttgart
chiTumbuka: Stuttgart
corsu: Stuccarda
Cymraeg: Stuttgart
dansk: Stuttgart
Deitsch: Stuttgart
Deutsch: Stuttgart
dolnoserbski: Stuttgart
eesti: Stuttgart
Ελληνικά: Στουτγκάρδη
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Stucàrda
español: Stuttgart
Esperanto: Stutgarto
euskara: Stuttgart
فارسی: اشتوتگارت
føroyskt: Stuttgart
français: Stuttgart
Frysk: Stuttgart
Gaeilge: Stuttgart
Gaelg: Stuttgart
Gàidhlig: Stuttgart
galego: Stuttgart
ગુજરાતી: સ્ટુટગાર્ટ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Stuttgart
Hausa: Stuttgart
հայերեն: Շտուտգարտ
हिन्दी: श्टुटगार्ट
hornjoserbsce: Stuttgart
hrvatski: Stuttgart
Bahasa Indonesia: Stuttgart
interlingua: Stuttgart
Interlingue: Stuttgart
íslenska: Stuttgart
italiano: Stoccarda
עברית: שטוטגרט
Kapampangan: Stuttgart
ქართული: შტუტგარტი
қазақша: Штутгарт
Kinyarwanda: Stuttgart
Kiswahili: Stuttgart
Kongo: Stuttgart
kurdî: Stuttgart
Кыргызча: Штутгарт
кырык мары: Штутгарт
Ladino: Stuttgart
لۊری شومالی: اٛشتۊتگارت
Latina: Stutgardia
latviešu: Štutgarte
Lëtzebuergesch: Stuttgart
lietuvių: Štutgartas
Ligure: Stoccarda
lumbaart: Stucarda
magyar: Stuttgart
македонски: Штутгарт
Bahasa Melayu: Stuttgart
монгол: Штутгарт
Nederlands: Stuttgart
नेपाली: स्टटगर्ट
нохчийн: Штутгарт
Nordfriisk: Stuttgart
norsk: Stuttgart
norsk nynorsk: Stuttgart
occitan: Stuttgart
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Stuttgart
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸ਼ਟੁੱਟਗਾਟ
پنجابی: سٹٹگارٹ
Piemontèis: Stocarda
Plattdüütsch: Stuttgart
polski: Stuttgart
português: Estugarda
Ripoarisch: Stuttgart
română: Stuttgart
Runa Simi: Stuttgart
русский: Штутгарт
саха тыла: Штутгарт
Scots: Stuttgart
Seeltersk: Stuttgart
shqip: Shtutgarti
sicilianu: Stoccarda
Simple English: Stuttgart
slovenčina: Stuttgart
slovenščina: Stuttgart
ślůnski: Stuttgart
کوردی: شتوتگارت
Sranantongo: Stuttgart
српски / srpski: Штутгарт
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Stuttgart
suomi: Stuttgart
svenska: Stuttgart
Tagalog: Stuttgart
татарча/tatarça: Ştutgart
Türkçe: Stuttgart
українська: Штутгарт
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Shtutgart
vèneto: Stocarda
vepsän kel’: Štuttgart
Tiếng Việt: Stuttgart
Volapük: Stuttgart
Winaray: Stuttgart
吴语: 斯图加特
ייִדיש: שטוטגארט
Yorùbá: Stuttgart
粵語: 斯圖加特
中文: 斯图加特