Streetballers at the Venice Beach basketball courts, California, United States.

Streetball or street basketball is a variation of basketball typically played on outdoor courts, featuring significantly less formal structure and enforcement of the game's rules. As such, its format is more conducive to allowing players to publicly showcase their own individual skills. Streetball may also refer to other urban sports played on asphalt.[1] It is particularly big in New York City.[2]

Some places and cities in the United States have organized streetball programs, operated similarly to midnight basketball programs. Many cities also host their own weekend-long streetball tournaments, with Hoop-It-Up and the Houston Rockets' Blacktop Battle being two of the most popular. Since the mid-2000s, streetball has seen an increase in media exposure through television shows such as ESPN's Street Basketball and City Slam, as well as traveling exhibitions such as the AND1 Mixtape Tour, YPA, and Ball4Real.

Rules and features

Children playing streetball in Paris in winter

Streetball rules vary widely from court to court.

Players typically divide into teams by alternating choices.

Typically when a player calls ball that means that team[who?] have current possession of the ball and they[who?] can stop grabbing for it. Then they[who?] continue the game from the spot where "ball" was called.

No referees are employed, so almost invariably a "call your own foul" rule is in effect, and a player who believes he has been fouled, simply needs to call out "Foul!", and play will be stopped, with the ball awarded to the fouled player's team (free throws are not awarded in streetball).

A common misconception[citation needed] is that saying "And 1" is synonymous with calling "foul." It is not. The phrase is commonly employed as a form of trash talk. For example, when a player knows they are going to make a shot and they think they are getting fouled as they are shooting will say "And 1", to let their defender know, "you can't stop me, even though you have fouled me." In reality, and as the rules that follow indicate, there is no such thing as a traditional "And 1" in Streetball.

When a player throws the ball up in the air and catches it somewhere else, it will be considered a travel.

Because the duration of the game is dictated by score and players cannot foul-out in streetball, teams often employ intentional fouls as a last resort on defense. Though this may lead to a fight depending on where one plays.

If defensive players had to concern themselves with fouling the offensive player hard enough so that there was no chance they could make a shot, it would certainly lead to unnecessary injury and probably several additional arguments on the court. It goes without saying that calling fouls in streetball is disfavored. The etiquette of what rightly constitutes a foul, as well as the permissible amount of protestation against such a call, are the products of individual groups, and of the seriousness of a particular game.

FIBA recently had to add the ‘check clock’ rule into play in their streetball tournaments due to some players taking excruciatingly long amounts of time to check the ball, interrupting the flow of play. This ‘check clock’ means that when the defending player has been checked the ball, he has to return it within 5 seconds.

Game structure

A common feature of street basketball is the pick up game. To participate in most streetball games around the world, one simply goes to an outdoor court where people are playing, indicates a wish to participate, and from all the players who were at the court before one has played, one will get to pick their team out of the players available and play a game. Generally, the team captains alternate their choices, but different courts have differing rules in regards to player selection. Many games play up to 7, 11, 13, 15, or 21 points with baskets counting for 1 and 2 points. It is possible to do (1's only), (2's only), (1's and 2's), (2's and 3's) or (1's, 2's and 3's) 1's only - each basket counts as 1 point 2's only - each basket counts as 2 points 1's and 2's - each basket counts as 1 point if inside the arc, or 2 points if outside the arc 2's and 3's - each basket counts as 2 points if inside the arc, or 3 points if outside the arc 1's, 2's and 3's - You need at least 3 teams for this, baskets count as 1 or 2 points until one of the 3 teams score a certain number of points, then the other 2 teams play for second place with baskets counting for 2 and 3 points Players often play 'win by 2' which, as in tennis, means that the team has to win by a margin of at least 2 points. Sometimes a local "dead end" limit applies; for instance a game may be played to 7, win by 2, with a 9-point dead end, (referred to as "7 by 2's, 9 straight") which would mean scores of 7-3, 8-6, or 9-8 would all be final, while with scores of 7-6 or 8-7, play would continue. The most common streetball game is 3 on 3 played half court, though 5 on 5 full court can be found. Another common variation to the rules is the "skunk" rule. This merely means that if a player reaches a certain point without the other player scoring, the game is over. The skunk rule limit can vary, but is often used at the score 7 to 0.

Sometimes in a half-court game, a "winner's ball" or "make it, take it" rule is used. This means that if a team scores, it gets the ball again on offense; one team could end up never getting the ball on offense if the other team scores on every possession. Full court basketball is not played with these rules, but, in most instances, the winning team gets to choose which basketball and usually which direction (which basket) they get to use. Also, if the ball goes out of bounds players must check up.

Another possible streetball feature is having an MC call the game. The MC is on the court during the game and is often very close to the players (but makes an effort to not interfere with the game) and uses a microphone to provide game commentary for the fans.

If the player loses the match of a 1v1, the losing player is given a second chance to shoot a shot at the three point line. This either results with the match continuing or if the match is close enough resulting in a tie.

In a game of 1v1, in a close game the game cannot end on a bank shot. If a bank shot happens on the last point of the game it is a replay of possession.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Stritbol
български: Стрийтбол
català: Streetball
čeština: Streetball
dansk: Streetball
Deutsch: Streetball
español: Streetball
français: Streetball
한국어: 스트리트볼
italiano: Playground
latviešu: Strītbols
magyar: Streetball
нохчийн: Стритбол
polski: Streetball
português: Streetball
română: Streetball
русский: Стритбол
slovenčina: Streetball
slovenščina: Ulična košarka
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ulična košarka
svenska: Streetbasket
українська: Стритбол
中文: 街頭籃球