Strand, London

Strand
Strand, London WC2 - geograph.org.uk - 752450.jpg
Strand at Charing Cross in 2008, looking towards Trafalgar Square and Admiralty Arch
Strand, London is located in City of Westminster
Strand, London
Location in Central London
Part ofA4
Maintained byTransport for London
Length0.8 mi[1] (1.3 km)
Postal codeWC2
Nearest Tube station
Coordinates51°30′41″N 0°07′08″W / 51°30′41″N 0°07′08″W / 51.5114; -0.1190

Strand (or the Strand[a]) is a major thoroughfare in the City of Westminster, Central London. It runs just over 34 mile (1,200 m) from Trafalgar Square eastwards to Temple Bar, where the road becomes Fleet Street inside the City of London, and is part of the A4, a main road running west from inner London.

The road's name comes from the Old English strond, meaning the edge of a river, as it historically ran alongside the north bank of the River Thames. The street was popular with the British upper classes between the 12th and 17th centuries, with many historically important mansions being built between the Strand and the river. These included Essex House, Arundel House, Somerset House, Savoy Palace, Durham House and Cecil House. The aristocracy moved to the West End over the 17th century, following which the Strand became well known for coffee shops, restaurants and taverns. The street was a centre point for theatre and music hall during the 19th century, and several venues remain on the Strand. At the east end of the street are two historic churches: St Mary le Strand and St Clement Danes. This easternmost stretch of the Strand is also home to King's College, one of the two founding colleges of the University of London.[3][4][5][6][7]

Several authors, poets and philosophers have lived on or near the Strand, including Charles Dickens, Ralph Waldo Emerson and Virginia Woolf. The street has been commemorated in the song "Let's All Go Down the Strand", now recognised as a typical piece of Cockney music hall.

Geography

The street is the main link between the two cities of Westminster and London.[8] It runs eastward from Trafalgar Square, parallel to the River Thames, to Temple Bar which is the boundary between the two cities at this point; the road ahead being Fleet Street.[1] Traffic travelling eastbound follows a short crescent around Aldwych, connected at both ends to the Strand. The road marks the southern boundary of the Covent Garden district[9] and forms part of the Northbank business improvement district.[10]

The name was first recorded in 1002 as strondway,[11][8] then in 1185 as Stronde and in 1220 as la Stranda.[12] It is formed from the Old English word 'strond', meaning the edge of a river.[8] Initially it referred to the shallow bank of the once much wider Thames, before the construction of the Victoria Embankment. The name was later applied to the road itself. In the 13th century it was known as 'Densemanestret' or 'street of the Danes', referring to the community of Danes in the area.[12]

Two London Underground stations were once named Strand: a Piccadilly line station (which was renamed Aldwych station) that operated between 1907 and 1994[13] and a former Northern line station which today forms part of Charing Cross station. 'Strand Bridge' was the name given to Waterloo Bridge during its construction; it was renamed for its official opening on the second anniversary of the coalition victory in the Battle of Waterloo.[14] London Bus routes 6, 23, 139 and 176 all run along the Strand, as do numerous night bus services.[15]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Strand, Londen
العربية: ستراند (لندن)
azərbaycanca: Strend (London)
беларуская: Стрэнд
български: Странд, Лондон
čeština: Strand (Londýn)
Cymraeg: Y Strand
Esperanto: Strand (Londono)
français: The Strand
Bahasa Indonesia: Strand
italiano: Strand (Londra)
עברית: הסטרנד
Nederlands: Strand (Londen)
português: Strand (Londres)
русский: Стрэнд
Simple English: The Strand
slovenčina: Strand (Londýn)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Strand, London
Türkçe: Strand, Londra
українська: Стренд
中文: 河岸街