Stephen Breyer

Stephen Breyer
Stephen Breyer, SCOTUS photo portrait.jpg
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
of the United States
Assumed office
August 3, 1994
Nominated byBill Clinton
Preceded byHarry Blackmun
Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
In office
March 1990 – August 3, 1994
Preceded byLevin H. Campbell
Succeeded byJuan R. Torruella
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
In office
December 10, 1980 – August 3, 1994
Nominated byJimmy Carter
Preceded bySeat established
Succeeded bySandra Lynch
Personal details
BornStephen Gerald Breyer
(1938-08-15) August 15, 1938 (age 80)
San Francisco, California, U.S.
Spouse(s)
Joanna Hare (m. 1967)
Children3
EducationStanford University (BA)
Magdalen College, Oxford (BA)
Harvard University (LLB)

Stephen Gerald Breyer (ər/; born August 15, 1938) is an American lawyer, professor, and jurist who serves as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Appointed by President Bill Clinton in 1994, Breyer is generally associated with the more liberal side of the Court.[1]

Following a clerkship with Supreme Court Associate Justice Arthur Goldberg in 1964, Breyer became well known as a law professor and lecturer at Harvard Law School, starting in 1967. There he specialized in administrative law, writing a number of influential textbooks that remain in use today. He held other prominent positions before being nominated for the Supreme Court, including special assistant to the United States Assistant Attorney General for Antitrust, assistant special prosecutor on the Watergate Special Prosecution Force in 1973, and serving on the First Circuit Court of Appeals from 1980 to 1994.

In his 2005 book Active Liberty, Breyer made his first attempt to systematically lay out his views on legal theory, arguing that the judiciary should seek to resolve issues in a manner that encourages popular participation in governmental decisions.

Early life and education

Breyer was born in San Francisco, California, the son of Anne A. (née Roberts) and Irving Gerald Breyer,[2] and raised in a middle-class Jewish family. Irving Breyer was legal counsel for the San Francisco Board of Education.[3] Both Breyer and his younger brother, Charles, who is a federal district judge, are Eagle Scouts of San Francisco's Troop 14.[4][5] Breyer's paternal great-grandfather emigrated from Romania to the United States, settling in Cleveland, where Breyer's grandfather was born.[6] In 1955, Breyer graduated from Lowell High School. At Lowell, he was a member of the Lowell Forensic Society and debated regularly in high school tournaments, including against future California governor Jerry Brown and future Harvard Law School professor Laurence Tribe.[7]

Breyer received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Philosophy from Stanford University, a Bachelor of Arts from Magdalen College at Oxford University in PPE as a Marshall Scholar,[8] and a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.) from Harvard Law School. He is also fluent in French.[9]

In 1967, he married the Hon. Joanna Freda Hare, a psychologist and member of the British aristocracy, as the youngest daughter of John Hare, 1st Viscount Blakenham. The Breyers have three adult children: Chloe, an Episcopal priest and author of The Close; Nell, and Michael.[10]

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العربية: ستيفن براير
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پنجابی: سٹیفن بریئر
português: Stephen Breyer
Simple English: Stephen Breyer
српски / srpski: Стивен Брајер
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Stephen Breyer