Staffordshire

Staffordshire
County
Staffordshire Flag.svg
Flag
Motto: "The knot unites"
Staffordshire within England
Coordinates: 52°50′N 2°00′W / 52°50′N 2°00′W / 52.833; -2.000England
RegionWest Midlands
EstablishedAncient
Ceremonial county
Lord LieutenantIan Dudson
High SheriffMrs Philippa Jane Gee[1] (2018-19)
Area2,713 km2 (1,047 sq mi)
 • Ranked18th of 48
Population (mid-2017 est.)1,126,200
 • Ranked17th of 48
Density415/km2 (1,070/sq mi)
Ethnicity97.0% White
1.7% S.Asian
1.3% Other
Non-metropolitan county
County councilCoat of arms of Staffordshire County Council
Staffordshire County Council
ExecutiveConservative
Admin HQStafford
Area2,620 km2 (1,010 sq mi)
 • Ranked18th of 27
Population870,800
 • Ranked8th of 27
Density332/km2 (860/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2GB-STS
ONS code41
GSS codeE10000028
www.staffordshire.gov.uk
Staffordshire Ceremonial Numbered.png
Districts of Staffordshire
Unitary County council area
Districts
  1. Tamworth
  2. Lichfield
  3. Cannock Chase
  4. South Staffordshire
  5. Stafford
  6. Newcastle-under-Lyme
  7. Staffordshire Moorlands
  8. East Staffordshire
  9. City of Stoke-on-Trent
Members of ParliamentList of MPs
PoliceStaffordshire Police
Time zoneGreenwich Mean Time (UTC)
 • Summer (DST)British Summer Time (UTC+1)

Staffordshire (ər/;[2] postal abbreviation Staffs.) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands of England. It borders with Cheshire to the northwest, Derbyshire and Leicestershire to the east, Warwickshire to the southeast, West Midlands and Worcestershire to the south, and Shropshire to the west.

The largest city in Staffordshire is Stoke-on-Trent, which is administered separately from the rest of the county as an independent unitary authority. Lichfield also has city status, although this is a considerably smaller cathedral city. Major towns include Stafford (the county town), Burton upon Trent, Cannock, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Leek, and Tamworth. Smaller towns include Stone, Cheadle, Uttoxeter, Rugeley, Eccleshall, Penkridge and large villages Wombourne, Kinver, Tutbury and Stretton. Cannock Chase AONB is within the county as well as parts of the National Forest and the Peak District national park.

Wolverhampton, Walsall, West Bromwich and Smethwick are within the historic county boundaries of Staffordshire, but since 1974 have been part of West Midlands.

Apart from Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire is divided into the districts of Cannock Chase, East Staffordshire, Lichfield, Newcastle-under-Lyme, South Staffordshire, Stafford, Staffordshire Moorlands, and Tamworth.

History

John Speed's c. 1611 map of Staffordshire, showing the county's historic boundaries and its hundreds

Historically, Staffordshire was divided into five hundreds: Cuttlestone, Offlow, Pirehill, Seisdon, and Totmonslow.

The historic boundaries of Staffordshire cover much of what is now the metropolitan county of West Midlands. An administrative county of Staffordshire was set up in 1889 under the Local Government Act 1888 covering the county except the county boroughs of Wolverhampton, Walsall, and West Bromwich in the south (the area known as the Black Country), and Hanley in the north. The Act also saw the towns of Tamworth (partly in Warwickshire) and Burton upon Trent (partly in Derbyshire) united entirely in Staffordshire.

In 1553 Queen Mary made Lichfield a county corporate, meaning it was administered separately from the rest of Staffordshire. It remained so until 1888.

Handsworth and Perry Barr became part of the county borough of Birmingham in the early 20th century, and thus associated with Warwickshire. Burton, in the east of the county, became a county borough in 1901, and was followed by Smethwick, another town in the Black Country in 1907. In 1910 the six towns of the Staffordshire Potteries, including Hanley, became the single county borough of Stoke-on-Trent.

The Staffordshire Hoard, discovered in a field near Lichfield in July 2009, is perhaps the most important collection of Anglo-Saxon objects found in England

A significant boundary change occurred in 1926 when the east of Sedgley was transferred to Worcestershire to allow the construction of the new Priory Estate on land purchased by Dudley County Borough council.[3]

A major reorganisation in the Black Country in 1966, under the recommendation of the Local Government Commission for England led to the creation of an area of contiguous county boroughs. The County Borough of Warley was formed by the merger of the county borough of Smethwick and municipal borough of Rowley Regis with the Worcestershire borough of Oldbury: the resulting county borough was associated with Worcestershire. Meanwhile, the county borough of Dudley, historically a detached part of Worcestershire, expanded and became associated with Staffordshire instead. This reorganisation led to the administrative county of Staffordshire having a thin protrusion passing between the county boroughs (to the east) and Shropshire, to the west, to form a short border with Worcestershire.

Under the Local Government Act 1972, on 1 April 1974 the county boroughs of the Black Country and the Aldridge-Brownhills Urban District of Staffordshire became, along with Birmingham, Solihull, and Coventry and other districts, a new metropolitan county of West Midlands. County boroughs were abolished, with Stoke becoming a non-metropolitan district in Staffordshire, and Burton forming an unparished area in the district of East Staffordshire. On 1 April 1997, under a recommendation of the Banham Commission, Stoke-on-Trent became a unitary authority independent of Staffordshire once more.

In July 2009 the largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold ever found in Britain was discovered in a field near Lichfield. The artefacts, known as The Staffordshire Hoard have tentatively been dated to the 7th or 8th centuries, placing the origin of the items in the time of the Kingdom of Mercia.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Staffordshire
Ænglisc: Stæffordscīr
العربية: ستافوردشاير
asturianu: Staffordshire
Bân-lâm-gú: Staffordshire
беларуская: Стафардшыр
български: Стафордшър
brezhoneg: Staffordshire
català: Staffordshire
Cebuano: Staffordshire
čeština: Staffordshire
Deutsch: Staffordshire
español: Staffordshire
Esperanto: Staffordshire
euskara: Staffordshire
français: Staffordshire
Gaeilge: Staffordshire
Bahasa Indonesia: Staffordshire
interlingua: Staffordshire
íslenska: Staffordshire
italiano: Staffordshire
ქართული: სტაფორდშირი
kernowek: Staffordshire
latviešu: Stefordšīra
Lëtzebuergesch: Staffordshire
lietuvių: Stafordšyras
მარგალური: სთაფორდშირი
Nederlands: Staffordshire
Nordfriisk: Staffordshire
norsk nynorsk: Staffordshire
português: Staffordshire
română: Staffordshire
русский: Стаффордшир
Simple English: Staffordshire
slovenčina: Staffordshire
српски / srpski: Стафордшир
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Staffordshire
svenska: Staffordshire
Türkçe: Staffordshire
українська: Стаффордшир
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Staffordshir
vèneto: Staffordshire
Tiếng Việt: Staffordshire
Volapük: Staffordshire
Winaray: Staffordshire
ייִדיש: סטאפארדשיר
粵語: 史德福郡