Spell (paranormal)

Manuscript with the Merseburg Incantations.

A spell or charm is a set of words, spoken or unspoken, which are considered by its user to invoke some magical effect. Historical attestations exist for the use of some variety of incantations in many cultures around the world. Spells can be used in calling upon or summoning a spirit, demon, deity or other supernatural agent, or to prevent a person from taking some action or in forcing them to remain on some path of action (known as binding spell).

Historical spells

Surviving written records of whole magic spells were largely obliterated in many cultures by the success of the major monotheistic religions, Islam, Judaism and Christianity, which label some magical activity as immoral or associated with evil. [1] Spells would be distinguished from magic symbols, words, patterns, recipes, practices and other forms of magic that were not directly exercised by a collection of words.[ citation needed] However, some spells were combinations or repetitions of words that were considered to have magic power, but which were not in sentences or verse.

Europe

Surviving examples from northern Europe include For a Swarm of Bees, the Nine Herbs Charm and the Merseburg Incantations.

Ancient Egypt

"Magic spells" in Egyptian hieroglyphs

Due to the surviving written record of ancient Egyptian culture, a number of references to magic and complete examples exist. In particular the embalming and interring process involved the use of many documented spells, for example from the Book of the Dead.

Other Languages
العربية: تعويذة
Bân-lâm-gú: Kōng
Deutsch: Zauberspruch
español: Conjuro
euskara: Konjuru
Gaeilge: Ortha
italiano: Fattura (magia)
српски / srpski: Чини
Basa Sunda: Mantra Sunda