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. (November 2017)
Surviving written records of whole magic spells were largely obliterated in many cultures by the success of the major monotheistic religions,
Christianity, which label some magical activity as immoral or associated with evil.
 Spells would be distinguished from magic symbols, words, patterns, recipes, practices and other forms of magic that were not directly exercised by a collection of words. However, some spells were combinations or repetitions of words that were considered to have magic power, but which were not in sentences or verse.
Surviving examples from northern Europe include
For a Swarm of Bees, the
Nine Herbs Charm and the
Due to the surviving written record of ancient
Egyptian culture, a number of references to magic and complete examples exist. In particular the embalming and interring process involved the use of many documented spells, for example from the
Book of the Dead.