Spanish oiler Patiño

A14-Patiño.jpg
Patiño in 2004
History
Spain
Name: Patiño
Namesake: José Patiño Rosales
Ordered: December 1991
Builder: Navantia
Launched: 22 June 1994
Completed: 16 June 1995
Commissioned: June 1995
Homeport: Naval Station Rota Spain
Identification: A14
Status: in active service
General characteristics
Type: Replenishment oiler
Tonnage: 17,045 t
Displacement: 7,780 t
Length: 170 m (560 ft)
Installed power: 2 x Navantia/ Burmeister and Wein 16V40/45 diesel engines rated at 17.6MW sustained power [1]
Speed: 20 kn (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Range: 13,450 nmi (24,910 km; 15,480 mi)
Endurance: 21 days
Crew: 148, plus 19 air crew, plus 20 extras [1]
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • 2 × Decca 2690 navigation radar
  • EID ICCS 3 integrated communications control
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
URN-25A TACAN Aldebaran ESM / ECM system
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 3 Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King
Aviation facilities: 490 m2 (5,300 sq ft) flight deck [1]

Patiño is a replenishment oiler of the Spanish Navy. It was named after the Spanish navy minister José Patiño Rosales, who reorganized the fleet on the orders of Philip V of Spain.

The ship was ordered in December 1991 from Navantia. It was launched on 22 June 1994 and completed in June 1995. [1] Patiño was commissioned in June 1995 with the pennant number A14. The vessel's homeport is at Naval Station Rota. [1]

Overview

Patiño at the Spanish naval base at Ferrol

Design

Patiño is a product of cooperation between Koninklijke Marine and Armada Española. The design of the ship is similar to HNLMS Amsterdam of the Royal Netherlands Navy, the vessels were developed in cooperation. Patiño was mostly a civilian design. The vessel is 170 metres (560 ft) and measures 17,045 tons but displaces 7,780 tons. The oiler has a crew of 148 plus 20 extra berths.

Propulsion

Patiño is fitted with two Navantia / Burmeister and Wein 16V40/45 diesel engines rated to 17.6 megawatts (23,600 hp) sustained power. The engines drive a single shaft with a five-blade controllable-pitch propeller. This gives the vessel a maximum speed of 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph) and a range of 13,450 nautical miles (24,910 km; 15,480 mi).

Electronics

Patiño is fitted with three navigation-surface search and helicopter control radars operating at I-band. The management of the ships communications is made through the Integrated Communications Control System (ICCS 3rd generation) from the Portuguese EID. The countermeasures equipment includes: four mk36 SRBOC (super rapid blooming offboard chaff), six-barrelled launchers from Lockheed Martin Sippican der four infrared decoys and chaff, distraction and deflection of incoming anti-ship missiles to a range of 4 kilometres (2.5 mi); an AN/SLQ-25A Nixie towed torpedo decoy system from Argon ST of Newington, Virginia. The two towed units emit acoustic signals from an onboard transmitter. The vessel is also equipped with an Aldebaran Electronic Support Measures / Electronic Countermeasures (ESM / ECM) system from Spain's Indra Group.

Armament

Patiño's weapons system include two Oerlikon 20mm guns and the vessel is fitted for two Izar FABA Systems Meroka 20mm close-in weapon system (CIWS). The guns having a rate of fire of 1.440 rounds a minute and range of up to 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). The Meroka CIWS includes an infrared camera and video auto-tracker.

Aircraft

Patiño is designed to carry up to five helicopters. It has a normal complement of only three Sikorsky SH-3 Sea Kings with 19 air crew provided.

Capabilities

The ship is able to support a fleet for up to 21 days, and is equipped with six fuel pumps with a capacity of 600 m3 (21,000 cu ft) of fuel per minute. A typical fleet consists of five escort carriers and about 20 aircraft.[ clarification needed]

Diesel (F76) (spread over 16 different tanks): 8750 tons Aviation fuel (F44): 1200 tons (Holland rebuilt in 2003 a tank to contain F76) Freshwater (1 tank): 142 ton Food (over 1 tørproviantrum, 1 cold room and freezer 1): 1100 tons Ammunition (spread over 5 rooms): 350 ton

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