Spanish Socialist Workers' Party

Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
Partido Socialista Obrero Español
Abbreviation PSOE
President Cristina Narbona
Secretary-General Pedro Sánchez
Spokesperson in Congress Margarita Robles
Spokesperson in Senate Ander Gil
Founder Pablo Iglesias Posse
Founded 2 May 1879 (138 years ago) (1879-05-02)
Headquarters C/ Ferraz, 70
28008 Madrid, Spain
Newspaper El Socialista
Student wing Campus Joven
Youth wing Socialist Youth of Spain
Trade union General Union of Workers
Membership (2017) Decrease187,360 [1]
Ideology Social democracy [2] [3]
Pro-Europeanism [4] [5]
Political position Centre-left [2]
European affiliation Party of European Socialists
International affiliation Progressive Alliance
Socialist International
European Parliament group Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Colors      Red
Congress of Deputies
84 / 350
62 / 265
European Parliament
14 / 54
Regional Parliaments
346 / 1,268
Regional Governments
7 / 19
Provincial deputations [6]
391 / 1,040
Local Government (2015)
20,823 / 67,611

The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Spanish: Partido Socialista Obrero Español [paɾˈtiðo soθjaˈlista oβɾeɾo espaˈɲol] ( About this sound  listen); better known by its initials, PSOE [peˈsoe] ( About this sound  listen)), is a social-democratic [7] political party in Spain. PSOE formed the government in democratic Spain from 1982 to 1996 under Felipe González, and from 2004 to 2011 under José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero.

PSOE has had strong ties with the General Union of Workers (UGT), a Spanish trade union. For decades, UGT membership was a requirement for PSOE membership. However, since the 1980s, UGT has frequently criticized the economic policies of PSOE, even calling for a general strike on 14 December 1988. [8] The PSOE is a member of the Party of European Socialists, Progressive Alliance and the Socialist International. [8] In the European Parliament, PSOE's 14 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) sit in the Socialists and Democrats (S&D) European parliamentary group.


PSOE was founded with the purpose of representing and defending the interests of the working class formed during the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century.[ citation needed] In its beginnings, PSOE's main objective was the defense of worker's rights and the achievement of the ideals of socialism, emerging from contemporary philosophy and Marxist politics, by securing political power for the working class and socialising the means of production in order to establish a dictatorship of the proletariat in the transition to socialist society. The ideology of the Spanish Socialist Worker's Party has evolved throughout the 20th Century according to relevant historical events and the evolution of Spanish society.

In 1979 the party abandoned its definitive Marxist theses at the hands of its then secretary general Felipe González, not before overcoming great tensions and two congresses, the first of which preferred to maintain Marxism. Before this situation, notable internal leaders like Pablo Castellano or Luis Gómez Llorente founded the internal faction of Left Socialists, which included the militants who would not renounce Marxism. This allowed for the consolidation of the leftist forces in PSOE. From this moment, the diverse events both outside and within the party led to projects that resembled those of other European social democratic parties and acceptance of the defence of the market economy.

Currently, PSOE defines itself as " social democratic, centre-left and progressive". Concerning the territorial model of the realm, PSOE supports asymmetric federalism. [9] It is grouped with other self-styled socialists, social democrats and labour parties in the Party of European Socialists.

Other Languages
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Španska socijalistička radnička partija