Souvanna Phouma

Souvanna Phouma
ເຈົ້າສຸວັນນະພູມາ
Souvanna Phouma.jpg
7th Prime Minister of Laos
In office
21 November 1951 – 20 October 1954
MonarchSisavang Vong
Preceded byPhoui Sananikone
Succeeded byKatay Don Sasorith
In office
21 March 1956 – 17 August 1958
Preceded byKatay Don Sasorith
Succeeded byPhoui Sananikone
In office
30 August 1960 – 13 December 1960
MonarchSisavang Vatthana
Preceded byPrince Somsanith Vongkotrattana
Succeeded byBoun Oum
In office
23 June 1962 – 2 December 1975
Preceded byBoun Oum
Succeeded byKaysone Phomvihane
Personal details
Born7 October 1901
Luang Phrabang
Died10 January 1984(1984-01-10) (aged 82)
Vientiane, Laos
Political partyNational Progressive Party
Lao Neutralist Front
Spouse(s)Aline Claire Allard

Prince Souvanna Phouma (7 October 1901 – 10 January 1984) was the leader of the neutralist faction and Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Laos several times (1951–1954, 1956–1958, 1960, and 1962–1975).

Early life

Souvanna Phouma was the son of Bounkhong, the last vice-king of Luang Prabang and a nephew of King Sisavang Vong of Laos, given a French education in Hanoi, Paris and Grenoble, where he obtained his degree in architecture and engineering.[1] He returned to his homeland in 1931, married Aline Claire Allard, the daughter of a French father and a Lao mother, and entered the Public Works Service of French Indochina.

Souvanna Phouma, together with his brother, Prince Phetsarath Rattanavongsa (1891–1959) and his half-brother, Prince Souphanouvong (1909–1995), around the end of World War II, joined the Lao Issara (Free Laos) movement established to counter the French occupation and its provisional Vientiane government (1945–46).

When the French reoccupied Laos, Souvanna fled to exile in Bangkok, but returned to Laos in 1949 as France began conceding autonomy to Laos.

Souvanna Phouma and his wife had four children including Mangkra Souvanna Phouma and Princess Moune, who married Perry J. Stieglitz, cultural-affairs attaché of the U.S. embassy.[2]

Other Languages
العربية: سوفانا فوما
беларуская: Сувана Фума
español: Souvanna Phouma
Esperanto: Souvanna Phouma
français: Souvanna Phouma
한국어: 수바나 푸마
Bahasa Indonesia: Souvanna Phouma
íslenska: Souvanna Phouma
italiano: Souvanna Phouma
қазақша: Суванна Фума
Nederlands: Souvanna Phouma
русский: Суванна Фума
Türkçe: Souvanna Phouma
Tiếng Việt: Souvanna Phouma