Southern Italy or ( Mezzogiorno Italian pronunciation: , [ˌmɛddzoˈdʒorno] literally "midday") is a  of macroregion traditionally encompassing the territories of the former Italy (all the southern section of the Kingdom of the two Sicilies and Italian Peninsula ), with the frequent addition of the island of Sicily . Sardinia   
Southern Italy has many major tourist attractions, such as the
, the Palace of Caserta , Amalfi Coast and other archaeological sites (many of which are protected by Pompeii ). There are also many UNESCO cities in Southern Italy, such as ancient Greek and Sybaris , which were founded several centuries before the start of the Paestum . Some of its beaches, woodlands and mountains are preserved in several Roman Republic ; a major example is National Parks , a mountainous plateau occupying the provinces of La Sila and Cosenza in the region of Calabria. Catanzaro
(ISTAT) employs the term " Istituto Nazionale di Statistica " for identifying one of the five statistical regions in its reportings, but leaving out both Sicily and Sardinia, which form a distinct statistical region denominated " South Italy ". These same subdivisions are at the bottom of the Italian Insular Italy and the Italian constituencies for the First level NUTS of the European Union . European Parliament
Mezzogiorno ("midday" in ) first came into use in the 18th century and is an Italian rendition of Italian meridies (Latin for 'south', because of the sun's position at midday in the ). The term was later popularised by Northern Hemisphere and it eventually came into vogue after the Giuseppe Garibaldi .
In a similar manner,
is colloquially known as Southern France le Midi ("midday" in ).