Sorbs

Sorbs
Flag of Sorbs.svg
Sorbian flag, in Pan-Slavic colors, introduced in 1842
Sorbs national-costume1.jpg
Traditional female costume of Lower Lusatia (Spreewald)
Total population
60,000[1]-80,000[2][3] (est.)
• 45-60,000 Upper Sorbs
• 15-20,000 Lower Sorbs
Regions with significant populations
 Germany60,000 - 80,000
 Czech Republic2,000[4]
 Polandfewer than 1,000
Languages
Sorbian (Upper Sorbian, Lower Sorbian), German
Religion
Majority Roman Catholicism, Lutheranism

Sorbs (Upper Sorbian: Serbja, Lower Sorbian: Serby, German: Sorben, Serbo-Croatian: Lužički Srbi (Lusatian Serbs)) known also by their former autonyms Lusatians and Wends, are a West Slavic ethnic group predominantly inhabiting their homeland in Lusatia, a region divided between Germany (the states of Saxony and Brandenburg) and Poland (the provinces of Lower Silesia and Lubusz). According to Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos, Lusatians have the same origin as Serbs from the Balkan Peninsula who inhabited the areas between the rivers Elbe and Saale, on the southern coast of the Baltic sea. Sorbs traditionally speak the Sorbian languages (also known as "Wendish" and "Lusatian"), closely related to the Polish, Kashubian, Czech and Slovak.[5] Sorbian is an officially recognized minority language in Germany. Sorbs are linguistically and genetically closest to the Czechs and Poles. Due to a gradual and increasing assimilation between the 17th and 20th centuries, virtually all Sorbs also spoke German by the late 19th century and much of the recent generations no longer speak the language. The community is divided religiously between Roman Catholicism (the majority) and Lutheranism. The former Prime Minister of Saxony, Stanislaw Tillich, is a Sorb.

Ethnology

The ethnonym "Sorbs" (Serbja, Serby) derives from the medieval ethnic groups called Sorbs (Surbi, Sorabi). The original ethnonym, Srbi, was retained by the Sorbs and Serbs in the Balkans.[6] By the 6th century, Slavs occupied the area west of the Oder formerly inhabited by Germanic peoples.[6] The Sorbs are first mentioned in the 7th century. It's fun fact that the other Slavs call them the ″Lusatian Serbs″, and the Sorbs call the Serbs ″the south Sorbs″.[7]

In the 19th century the autonym of the Slavic population of Lusatia (the Sorbs) was "Lusatians".[8] The name "Lusatia" was originally applied only to Lower Lusatia, which had been inhabited by Slavs known as Luzici, who may be regarded ancestors of the Lower Sorbs, while Upper Lusatia was inhabited by Slavs known as Milceni, the supposed ancestors of Upper Sorbs.[6]

According to a genetic study published in May 2011, Sorbs show the greatest genetic similarity to Poles, followed by Czechs, consistent with their West Slavic language.[9] They show subtle evidence of genetic isolation but less than Sardinians and French Basques.[9]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Sorbe
العربية: صوربيون
aragonés: Sorabos
تۆرکجه: سورب‌لر
беларуская: Лужычане
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Лужычане
български: Лужишки сърби
brezhoneg: Sorabed
català: Sòrabs
Cymraeg: Sorbiaid
dansk: Sorbere
Deutsch: Sorben
dolnoserbski: Serby
eesti: Sorbid
español: Sorbios
Esperanto: Soraboj
euskara: Sorabiar
français: Sorabes
Frysk: Sorben
furlan: Soraps
Gaeilge: Sorbaigh
galego: Pobo sorabo
한국어: 소르브인
հայերեն: Սորբեր
hornjoserbsce: Serbja
hrvatski: Lužički Srbi
Ido: Sorbi
Bahasa Indonesia: Sorbia
עברית: סורבים
кырык мары: Сорбвлӓ
lietuvių: Sorbai
magyar: Szorbok
македонски: Лужички Срби
Nederlands: Sorben
日本語: ソルブ人
norsk: Sorbere
norsk nynorsk: Sorbarar
português: Sorábios
română: Sorabi
rumantsch: Sorbs
русский: Лужичане
Simple English: Sorbs
slovenčina: Lužickí Srbi
slovenščina: Lužiški Srbi
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Срьби (Лоужичьсци)
ślůnski: Sorby
српски / srpski: Лужички Срби
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lužički Srbi
suomi: Sorbit
svenska: Sorber
Türkçe: Sorblar
українська: Серболужичани
žemaitėška: Suorbā
中文: 索布人