Sorbian languages

Sorbian
Serbšćina, Serbsce  (Upper Sorbian)
Serbšćina, Serbski  (Lower Sorbian)
EthnicitySorbs
Geographic
distribution
Lusatia
Linguistic classificationIndo-European
Subdivisions
ISO 639-2 / 5wen
sorb1249[1]
  The Sorbian-speaking region in Germany

The Sorbian languages (Upper Sorbian: Serbska rěč, Lower Sorbian: Serbska rěc) are two closely related, but only partially mutually intelligible, West Slavic languages spoken by the Sorbs, a West Slavic minority in the Lusatia region of eastern Germany. They are classified under the West Slavic branch of the Indo-European languages and are therefore closely related to the other two West Slavic subgroups: Lechitic and Czech–Slovak.[2] Historically the languages have also been known as Wendish (named after the Wends, earliest Slavic people in modern Poland and Germany) or Lusatian. Their collective ISO 639-2 code is wen.

There are two literary languages: Upper Sorbian (hornjoserbsce), spoken by about 40,000 people in Saxony, and Lower Sorbian (dolnoserbski) spoken by about 10,000 people in Brandenburg. The area where the two languages are spoken is known as Lusatia (Łužica in Upper Sorbian, Łužyca in Lower Sorbian, or Lausitz in German).

History

After the settlement of the formerly Germanic territories (the part largely corresponding to the former East Germany) by the Sorbs' Slavic ancestors in the 5th and 6th centuries, the Sorbian language (or its predecessors) had been in use in much of what was the southern half of East Germany for several centuries, and still had its stronghold in (Upper and Lower) Lusatia, where it enjoys national protection and fostering to the present day. Outside Lusatia, it has been superseded by German, following official discrimination from the 13th century on.[2] The printed language developed around the main Bible translations into Sorbian.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Sorbies
العربية: لغات صوربية
aragonés: Idioma sorabo
asturianu: Sórabu
azərbaycanca: Sorb dilləri
تۆرکجه: سورب دیللری
беларуская: Лужыцкія мовы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Лужыцкія мовы
български: Лужишки езици
brezhoneg: Sorabeg
català: Sòrab
Cymraeg: Sorbeg
davvisámegiella: Sorbigiella
dolnoserbski: Serbšćina
español: Lenguas sorabas
Esperanto: Soraba lingvo
euskara: Sorabiera
français: Sorabe
Frysk: Sorbysk
Gaeilge: An tSoirbis
Gàidhlig: Sòrbais
한국어: 소르브어
հայերեն: Լուժիկերեն
hornjoserbsce: Serbšćina
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Sorbia
italiano: Lingue sorabe
Basa Jawa: Basa Sorbia
ქართული: სორბული ენა
latviešu: Sorbu valodas
lietuvių: Sorbų kalbos
Limburgs: Sorbisch
magyar: Szorb nyelv
македонски: Лужички јазици
მარგალური: სორბული ნინეფი
монгол: Сорб хэл
Nederlands: Sorbisch
日本語: ソルブ語
Nordfriisk: Sorbisch
norsk: Sorbisk
norsk nynorsk: Sorbiske språk
occitan: Sorab
Plattdüütsch: Sorbsche Spraken
português: Línguas sorábias
română: Limbi sorabe
Seeltersk: Sorbisk
Simple English: Sorbian languages
slovenčina: Lužické jazyky
slovenščina: Lužiščina
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lužičkosrpski jezici
suomi: Sorbi
svenska: Sorbiska
Türkçe: Sorbca
українська: Лужицькі мови
vèneto: Lengue sorabe
Tiếng Việt: Nhóm ngôn ngữ Sorb
文言: 索布語
ייִדיש: סארביש
粵語: 索布文
žemaitėška: Suorbu kalba
中文: 索布语