Songkhla

Songkhla

สงขลา
City of Songkhla
เทศบาลนครสงขลา
Songkhla City
Songkhla City
Official seal of Songkhla
Seal
Songkhla is located in Thailand
Songkhla
Songkhla
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 7°12′22″N 100°35′48″E / 7°12′22″N 100°35′48″E / 7.20611; 100.59667
CountryThailand
ProvinceSongkhla
DistrictMueang Songkhla
Government
 • TypeCity Municipality
 • MayorSomsak Tantiseranet
Area
 • Total9.27 km2 (3.58 sq mi)
Elevation
11 m (36 ft)
Population
 (2006)
75,048
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
songkhlacity.go.th
Laem Samila beach

Songkhla (Thai: สงขลา, pronounced [sǒŋ.kʰlǎː]), also known as Singgora or Singora (Pattani Malay: ซิงกอรอ), is a city (thesaban nakhon) in Songkhla Province of southern Thailand, near the border with Malaysia. As of 2006 it had a population of 75,048. Songkhla lies 968 km (601 mi) south of Bangkok.[1]

Despite being smaller than the neighboring city Hat Yai, Songkhla is the capital of Songkhla Province as well as the Mueang Songkhla District (Songkhla town district).

At the opening of Songkhla Lake to the Gulf of Thailand, Songkhla is a fishing town and also an important harbour. It is the major seaport on the east side of the Isthmus of Kra.

Naga Head at Song Thale Park, Laem Son On, Songkhla City

History

French hydrographic / topographic map of Songkhla, during the reign of King Narai the Great, 1687.
Songkhla looking west from Khao Tangkuan, c. 1930.
Songkhla's Nakhon Nok Rd., c. 1932.

The name Songkhla is the Thai variant of "Singgora" (Jawi: سيڠڬورا); its original name means 'the city of lions' in Malay (not to be confused with Singapura). This refers to a lion-shaped mountain near the city of Songkhla. Archaeological excavations on the isthmus between Lake Songkhla and the sea reveal that in the 10th through the 14th century this was a major urbanized area, and a center of international maritime trade, in particular with Quanzhou in China. The long Sanskrit name of the state that existed there has been lost; its short Sanskrit name was Singhapura ('Lion City') (not to be confused with Singapura), a city state. The short vernacular name was Satingpra, coming from the Mon-Khmer sting/steng/stang (meaning 'river') and the Sanskrit pura ('city').[2]:320-321

The ruins of the ancient port city of Satingpra are just few kilometres north of Songkhla. It was one of the most important trading centres of the Tambralinga Kingdom. Archaeological digs and investigations conducted toward the end of the 20th century testify the existence of a fortified citadel protected by a moat and a quadrangular surrounding wall made of brick. A sophisticated system of canals connected the sea to the Songkhla Lake permitting the circulations of ships. The excavations brought to light artifacts of great historical and artistic value.[3]

On 8 December 1941 local time, hours before the 7 December (Hawaii time) attack on Pearl Harbor, the Imperial Japanese army landed in Songkhla invading Thailand. It then moved south towards Perlis and Penang as part of the Malayan campaign which culminated in the capture of Singapore.[4]

Since 2003, Songhkla has been affected by separatist insurgencies in neighboring Narathiwat, Pattani, and Yala.[5]

The municipality's mayor, Peera Tantiserane, was murdered there in 2012.[6]

Other Languages
العربية: سونغكلا
བོད་ཡིག: སོང་ཁ་ལ།
dansk: Songkhla
Deutsch: Songkhla
español: Songkhla
français: Songkhla
한국어: 송클라
हिन्दी: सोंगख्ला
Bahasa Indonesia: Songkhla
italiano: Songkhla
lietuvių: Songkhla
Bahasa Melayu: Singgora (bandar)
Nederlands: Songkhla (stad)
norsk: Songkhla
پنجابی: سونگکھلا
português: Songkhla
русский: Сонгкхла
Scots: Songkhla
shqip: Songkhla
svenska: Songkhla
татарча/tatarça: Соңкла
Türkçe: Songkhla
українська: Сонгкхла (місто)
Tiếng Việt: Songkhla
Winaray: Songkhla
吴语: 宋卡市
粵語: 宋卡
中文: 宋卡