Solution

Making a saline water solution by dissolving table salt (NaCl) in water. The salt is the solute and the water the solvent.

In chemistry, a solution is a special type of homogeneous mixture composed of two or more substances. The term aqueous solution is when one of the solvents is water.[1] In such a mixture, a solute is a substance dissolved in another substance, known as a solvent. The mixing process of a solution happens at a scale where the effects of chemical polarity are involved, resulting in interactions that are specific to solvation. The solution assumes the phase of the solvent when the solvent is the larger fraction of the mixture, as is commonly the case. The concentration of a solute in a solution is the mass of that solute expressed as a percentage of the mass of the whole solution.

Characteristics

  • A solution is a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances.
  • The particles of solute in a solution cannot be seen by the naked eye.
  • A solution does not allow beams of light to scatter.
  • A solution is stable.
  • The solute from a solution cannot be separated by filtration (or mechanically).
  • It is composed of only one phase.
Other Languages
العربية: محلول
asturianu: Disolución
বাংলা: দ্রবণ
Bân-lâm-gú: Iông-e̍k
беларуская: Раствор
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Рашчына
български: Разтвор
čeština: Roztok
chiShona: Munyungu
eesti: Lahus
Ελληνικά: Διάλυμα
español: Disolución
Esperanto: Solvaĵo
euskara: Disoluzio
فارسی: محلول
Gaeilge: Tuaslagán
galego: Disolución
한국어: 용액
հայերեն: Լուծույթներ
हिन्दी: विलयन
hrvatski: Otopine
Bahasa Indonesia: Larutan
isiXhosa: I-solution
íslenska: Lausn
עברית: תמיסה
ქართული: ხსნარები
қазақша: Ерітінді
Kiswahili: Mmumunyo
Kreyòl ayisyen: Solisyon
latviešu: Šķīdums
lietuvių: Tirpalas
lumbaart: Soluzion
magyar: Oldat
македонски: Раствор
മലയാളം: ലായനി
मराठी: द्रावण
Bahasa Melayu: Larutan
नेपाली: घोल
日本語: 溶液
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Eritma
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਘੋਲ
polski: Roztwór
português: Solução
română: Soluție
Runa Simi: Chullusqa
русский: Раствор
Scots: Solution
Simple English: Solution
slovenčina: Roztok
slovenščina: Raztopina
Soomaaliga: Millan
کوردی: گیراوە
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Otopina
suomi: Liuos
தமிழ்: கரைசல்
Türkçe: Çözelti
українська: Розчин
اردو: محلول
vèneto: Sołusion
Tiếng Việt: Dung dịch
文言: 溶液
吴语: 溶液
粵語: 溶液
中文: 溶液