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. (March 2013)
Roman colonnade at the site of the ancient town of Soli
The geographical location of the ancient city Soli
of Cilicia in a modern map of Turkey. The red dot shows the position of Mersin
. At the present scale, it coincides with the position of Soli which is slightly on the west.
Soli (Greek: Σόλοι, Soloi) was an ancient city and port in Cilicia, in present-day Turkey, a part of Mezitli municipality in Mersin. It was a colony of Rhodes, founded c. 700 BC. Soli was destroyed in the 1st century BC, and rebuilt by Pompey the Great.During his campaign against the Cilician Pirates, Pompey rebuilt the city and settled the pirates who vowed not to continue pirating. Thereafter, it was called Pompeiopolis (Greek: Πομπηιούπολις), not to be confused with the Pompeiopolis in Paphlagonia. The word solecism is derived from Soli, since the dialect of Greek spoken there was considered by Athenians to be a corrupted form of Attic Greek.
Charles Robert Cockrell visited the site of 'Pompeiopolis' in June 1813. Examination of his travel intinery and the archaeological remains present along the coastline of southern Turkey, suggests that Soloi-Pompeiopolis is located at Elaiussa-Sebaste.