Socotra

Socotra
Native name: سُقُطْرَى
Suquṭra
Socotra satview.jpg
Landsat view over Socotra
Socotra Archipelago.PNG
Geography
LocationBetween the Guardafui Channel and the Arabian Sea
Coordinates12°30′36″N 53°55′12″E / 12°30′36″N 53°55′12″E / 12.51000; 53.92000
ArchipelagoSocotra
Total islands4
Major islandsSocotra, Abd al Kuri, Samhah, Darsah
Area3,796 km2 (1,466 sq mi)
Length132 km (82 mi)
Width50 km (31 mi)
Highest elevation1,503 m (4,931 ft)
Highest pointMashanig, Hajhir Mountains
Administration
Yemen Yemen
GovernorateSocotra
DistrictsHadibu (east)
Qulansiyah wa 'Abd-al-Kūrī (west)
Capital and largest cityHadibu (pop. 8,545)
Demographics
Population60,000
Pop. density11.3 /km2 (29.3 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupspredominantly Soqotris; minority South Arabians, Somalis, Indians, and Bantu[1]
Official nameSocotra Archipelago
TypeNatural
Criteriax
Designated2008 (32nd session)
Reference no.1263
State PartyYemen
RegionArab States

Socotra Arabic: سُقُطْرَىSuquṭra Somali: Suqadara, also called Soqotra, located between the Guardafui Channel and the Arabian Sea, is the largest of four islands of the Socotra archipelago. The territory is located near major shipping routes and is officially part of Yemen, and had long been a subdivision of the Aden Governorate. In 2004, it became attached to the Hadhramaut Governorate, which is much closer to the island than Aden (although the nearest governorate was the Al Mahrah Governorate). In 2013, the archipelago became its own governorate, the Socotra Governorate. There is a dispute between Yemen and Somalia's government over the island's sovereignty.[2]

The island of Socotra constitutes around 95% of the landmass of the Socotra archipelago. It lies some 240 kilometres (150 mi) east off the coast of Cape Guardafui and 380 kilometres (240 mi) south of the Arabian Peninsula.[3] The island is very isolated, home to a high number of endemic species; up to a third of its plant life is endemic. It has been described as "the most alien-looking place on Earth."[4] The island measures 132 kilometres (82 mi) in length and 49.7 kilometres (30.9 mi) in width.[5]

Etymology

In the notes to his translation of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, G.W.B. Huntingford remarks that the name Suqotra is not Greek in origin, but from the Sanskrit dvīpa ("island") sukhadhara ("supporting, or providing bliss").[4]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Sokotra
አማርኛ: ሱቁጥራ
العربية: سقطرى
aragonés: Socotra
asturianu: Socotra
azərbaycanca: Sokotra adası
বাংলা: সুকাত্রা
български: Сокотра (остров)
brezhoneg: Sokotra
català: Socotra
čeština: Sokotra
Cymraeg: Socotra
dansk: Socotra
eesti: Sokotra
Ελληνικά: Σοκότρα
español: Socotra
Esperanto: Sokotra
euskara: Sokotra
فارسی: سقطرا
français: Socotra
Gaeilge: Socatra
galego: Socotra
한국어: 소코트라섬
Հայերեն: Սոկոտրա
हिन्दी: सुक़ुत्रा
hrvatski: Sokotra
Bahasa Indonesia: Sokotra
íslenska: Sokotra
italiano: Socotra
עברית: סוקוטרה
ქართული: სოკოტრა
Kiswahili: Sokotra
لۊری شومالی: سوقوطرا
latviešu: Sokotra
lietuvių: Sokotra
magyar: Szokotra
മലയാളം: സൊകോത്ര
მარგალური: სოკოტრა
Bahasa Melayu: Socotra
Nederlands: Socotra (eiland)
日本語: ソコトラ島
norsk: Sokotra
norsk nynorsk: Sokotra
occitan: Socotra
پنجابی: سقوطرہ
Patois: Sokochra
Piemontèis: Socòtra
português: Socotorá
română: Socotra
Scots: Socotra
Simple English: Socotra
Soomaaliga: Soqotra
کوردی: سۆکۆتڕا
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sokotra
Basa Sunda: Sokotra
suomi: Sokotra
svenska: Sokotra
Tagalog: Socotra
తెలుగు: సొకొట్రా
Türkçe: Sokotra
українська: Сокотра (острів)
اردو: سقطری
Tiếng Việt: Socotra
Yorùbá: Socotra
Zazaki: Soqotra