Sociology of sport
Sociology of sport, alternately referred to as sports sociology, is a sub-discipline of
There are many perspectives through which
In most premodern societies, the gender role for females and males in sports was reinforced at a young age. The sociology that formed surrounding sports enforced the idea that sports were too masculine for women and are encouraged to play noncompetitive games while men were able to compete. The impact of sports and games was to prepare young children for adulthood. The separation between the roles of men and women in a society of sports is expressed through media and gender identity. On media, the sports viewership varies by gender. Men's sports are more prominent in the media versus women's sports and the sports broadcast vary. On NCAA news, the text and text space greater than 2:1 coverage of men’s sports over women’s, the pictures are around 2:1 male athletes over female athletes. For males the sports typically include football, hockey, baseball, soccer, basketball, pro wrestling and boxing, while women's sports covers figure skating, gymnastics, skiing, and diving. There is a contrast in the sports for each gender: the men's sports include confrontative, combative coordination and the women's sports are less aggressive and more individual and stylish. Participation in “masculine” sports creates gender identity conflict for females, likewise participation in “feminine” sports creates gender identity conflict for males.
The emergence of the sociology of sport (though not the name itself) dates from the end of the 19th century, when first
Today, most sports sociologists identify with at least one of four essential theories that define the relationship between sports and society, namely